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Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway exerts its effects through Akt, its downstream target molecule, and thereby regulates various cell functions including cell proliferation, cell transformation, apoptosis, tumor growth, and angiogenesis. Phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) has been implicated in regulating cell survival(More)
BACKGROUND The tumour suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is an important negative regulator of cell-survival signaling. To evaluate the correlation between PTEN expression and clinicopathological characteristics of colorectal cancer patients with and without liver metastases, we investigated PTEN expression in primary colorectal cancer and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Interleukin (IL)-1α and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) play an important role in pancreatic cancer proliferation, angiogenesis, and invasiveness. The aim of this study was to investigate the cooperative role of HGF and IL-1α in metastatic processes promoted by interactions between pancreatic cancer cells and stromal cells. (More)
BACKGROUND Type-1 insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) up-regulates cell proliferation and invasiveness through activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. IGF-1 also down-regulates the tumor suppressor chromosome 10 (PTEN). We investigated the mechanism by which IGF-1 affects cell proliferation and invasion by suppression of PTEN phosphorylation and(More)
BACKGROUND To better understand the underlying mechanism of liver metastasis formation in human gastric cancer, we evaluated the angiogenic capabilities of human gastric cancer cell lines with different metastatic potentials as well as the role of interleukin (IL)-1alpha in the angiogenic process. MATERIALS AND METHODS Reverse transcription-polymerase(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Interleukin (IL)-1alpha plays an important role in colon cancer progression and angiogenesis. We here asked whether IL-1alpha derived from cancer cells modulates vascular endothelial cell growth, migration and tubule formation. METHODS The existence of IL-1alpha mRNA and protein in colon cancer cell lines (WiDr, HT-29, Caco-2,(More)
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