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The interaction between monoammonium glycyrrhizinate (MAG) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were studied by fluorescence and absorption spectroscopy. The quenching mechanism of fluorescence of bovine serum albumin by monoammonium glycyrrhizinate was discussed. The binding sites number n and apparent binding constant K were measured by fluorescence quenching(More)
The fingerprints of Rhizoma coptidis from various sources were established by ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) and the anti-bacterial activities of R. coptidis on Escherichia coli (E. coli) growth was studied by microcalarimetry. The UPLC fingerprints were evaluated using similarity analysis (SA) and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA).(More)
A reverse phase ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) method was developed for the rapid quantification of five anthraquinone derivatives (aloe-emodin, rhein, emodin, chrysophanol and physcion) in rhubarb using a Waters Acquity BEH C18, 50 mm x 2.1 mm, 1.7 microm column. The runtime was as short as 3 min. The influence of flow rate and column(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY The present study investigated the pharmacological effects of different extracts of rhubarb on intestinal function of mice, further to explore possible reasons for the adverse effects of long-term use of rhubarb as a purgative. MATERIALS AND METHODS The total extract of rhubarb (TR) was extracted with 60% ethanol and the total(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The crude secondary roots of Aconitum carmichaelii Debeaux (Fuzi), together with its processed products, including Yanfuzi, Heishunpian and Paofupian, are commonly applied in clinic using for thousands of years, such as collapse, syncope, rheumatic fever, painful joints and various tumors. AIM OF THE STUDY To explore the(More)
A comparative study was designed and conducted to compare the pharmacokinetic difference of paeoniflorin and albiflorin after oral administration of Radix Paeoniae Rubra to normal rats and the acute cholestasis hepatitis rats induced by alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT). UPLC-ESI-MS/MS method was employed to determine the level of paeoniflorin and(More)
Some recent clinical reports have shown that the combination of oxymatrine, a phyto-derived drug, with lamivudine (3TC) could improve its curative effect against hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, the experimental data in support of this combination strategy are lacking. In this study, we investigated the anti-HBV activity of the combination of 3TC(More)
The strong toxicity of pathogenic bacteria has resulted in high levels of morbidity and mortality in the general population. Developing effective antibacterial agents with high efficacy and long activity is in great demand. In this study, the microcalorimetric technique based on heat output of bacterial metabolism was applied to evaluate the effect of(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Rhubarb is well used to treat chronic renal failure (CRF) in China and Japan, but recent studies reported that the anthraquinone derivatives contained in rhubarb had nephrotoxicity. In this investigation an attempt was made to assess the value and toxic potential of rhubarb to treat CRF. MATERIALS AND METHODS Histopathologic and(More)
This study investigated the possible protective effects and mechanism of rhein on Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity in rats. Treatment of rats with APAP resulted in severe liver and kidney injuries, as demonstrated by drastic elevation of serum glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (GPT), glutamate-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT),(More)