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BACKGROUND Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) is traditionally thought to be a cytosolic fatty acid chaperone expressed in adipocytes. Mice with targeted disruption of the A-FABP gene exhibit a striking phenotype with strong protection from insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and atherosclerosis. The clinical relevance of these findings remains to(More)
BACKGROUND Lipocalin-2, a 25-kDa secreted glycoprotein, is a useful biomarker for early detection of various renal injuries. Because lipocalin-2 is abundantly expressed in adipose tissue and liver, we investigated its relevance to obesity-related pathologies. METHODS We used real-time PCR and in-house immunoassays to quantify the mRNA and serum(More)
Low plasma levels of adiponectin (hypoadiponectinemia) and elevated circulating concentrations of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 are causally associated with obesity-related insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease. However, the mechanism that mediates the aberrant production of these two adipokines in obesity remains poorly understood. In(More)
OBJECTIVE Apoptotic cell death is an important factor influencing the prognosis after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Akt/GSK-3beta/beta-catenin signaling plays a critical role in the apoptosis of neurons in several models of neurodegeneration. The goal of this study was to determine if the mechanism of cell survival mediated by the(More)
Insulin resistance and defective insulin secretion are the two major features of type 2 diabetes. The adapter protein APPL1 is an obligatory molecule in regulating peripheral insulin sensitivity, but its role in insulin secretion remains elusive. Here, we show that APPL1 expression in pancreatic β cells is markedly decreased in several mouse models of(More)
Hepatic gluconeogenesis is a main source of blood glucose during prolonged fasting and is orchestrated by endocrine and neural pathways. Here we show that the hepatocyte-secreted hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) induces fasting gluconeogenesis via the brain-liver axis. Prolonged fasting induces activation of the transcription factor peroxisome(More)
Cardiac dysfunction with sepsis is a major cause of death in intensive care units. Several lines of evidence have revealed the potential of microRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) as biomarkers for detecting sepsis, though direct evidence of their functional roles in septic cardiac dysfunction is still lacking. In this study, C57BL/6 mice were exposed to(More)
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-secreted, insulin-sensitizing hormone the circulating levels of which are reduced in conditions of insulin resistance and diabetes. Previous work has demonstrated the importance of posttranslational modifications, such as proline hydroxylation and lysine hydroxylation/glycosylation, in adiponectin oligomerization, secretion, and(More)
—This paper proposes and analyzes the performance of a simple frequency-agile CSMA MAC protocol. In this MAC, a node carrier-senses multiple frequency channels simultaneously, and it takes the first opportunity to transmit on any one of the channels when allowed by the CSMA backoff mechanism. We show that the frequency-agile MAC can effectively 1) boost(More)
Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) is a circulating protein predominantly expressed in adipose tissue and liver. Several recent studies demonstrated that ANGPTL4 is the target gene of peroxisome proliferation activators, the agonists of which are widely used as the antidiabetic and lipid-lowering drugs. Here we provide evidence that ANGPTL4 is a(More)