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AIM To evaluate the association between of the interleukin-10 (IL-10) promoter polymorphisms and survival of advanced gastric cancer (GC) patients. METHODS The IL-10 (-1082, rs1800896; -819, rs1800871; and-592, rs1800896) genotypes in 234 patients with advanced gastric cancer and in 243 healthy controls were determined by polymerase chain(More)
Hourly concentrations of ozone (O(3)), 55 volatile organic compounds (VOCs, ozone precursors) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) were measured at an upwind urban site, a downwind suburban site, and a rural site in central Taiwan, from January 2003 to December 2006. VOC and NOx mean concentrations showed a gradient from high to low across the urban (56 ppb and 34(More)
BACKGROUND Wolbachia are endosymbiotic bacteria that are frequently found in arthropods and nematodes. These maternally inherited bacteria manipulate host reproduction by several mechanisms including cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). CI is the most common phenotype induced by Wolbachia and results in the developmental arrest of embryos derived from crosses(More)
NYGGF4 is a novel gene that is abundantly expressed in the adipose tissue of obese subjects and is involved in insulin resistance. In the present study, the mRNA expression of NYGGF4 homologous genes was examined in the 3T3-L1 cell line. The NYGGF4 mRNAs were expressed at low levels in the 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. During the conversion of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes(More)
The histone H3.3 chaperone HIRA is essential for chromatin assembly during male pronucleus formation in Drosophila. However, the role of HIRA during fertilization in vertebrates remains unclear. The gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) is a unique gynogenetic crucian carp (gyno-carp). Heterologous sperm nuclei cannot decondense when incorporated in the(More)
Trichloroethylene (TCE) and perchloroethylene (PERC) are volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are primarily inhaled through the respiratory system. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of glutathione (GSH) and p53 in TCE- and PERC-induced lung toxicity. Human lung adenocarcinoma cells NCI-H460 (p53-wild-type) have constitutively lower levels of(More)
RATIONALE Macrophage cholesterol homeostasis maintenance is the result of a balance between influx, endogenous synthesis, esterification/hydrolysis and efflux. Excessive accumulation of cholesterol leads to foam cell formation, which is the major pathology of atherosclerosis. Previous studies have shown that miR-27 (miR-27a and miR-27b) may play a key role(More)
BACKGROUND Wolbachia are obligate endosymbiotic bacteria that infect numerous species of arthropods and nematodes. Wolbachia can induce several reproductive phenotypes in their insect hosts including feminization, male-killing, parthenogenesis and cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). CI is the most common phenotype and occurs when Wolbachia-infected males mate(More)
PURPOSE To enhance drug uptake in RPE cells, improve efficacy for choroidal neovascularization (CNV), and reduce drug toxicity, an EphA2-targeted nanocarrier loaded with doxorubicin (DOX) was developed by conjugation with a homing peptide YSA. METHODS The YSA was coupled to PEGylated lipid. Then, YSA-modified DOX stealth liposomes (YSA-SSL-DOX) were(More)
An automated sampling and enrichment apparatus coupled with a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) technique was constructed for the analysis of ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs). A sorbent trap was built within the system to perform on-line enrichment and thermal desorption of VOCs onto GC/MS. In order to improve analytical precision,(More)