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Nitric oxide (NO) physiologically stimulates the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium (Ca(2+)) ATPase (SERCA) to decrease intracellular Ca(2+) concentration and relax cardiac, skeletal and vascular smooth muscle. Here, we show that NO-derived peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) directly increases SERCA activity by S-glutathiolation and that this modification of SERCA is(More)
Relatively little is known concerning the regulation of uncoupling proteins (UCPs) in the heart. We investigated in the adult rodent heart 1) whether changes in workload, substrate supply, or cytokine (TNF-alpha) administration affect UCP-2 and UCP-3 expression, and 2) whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) regulates the(More)
UNLABELLED Diabetes mellitus alters energy substrate metabolism and gene expression in the heart. It is not known whether the changes in gene expression are an adaptive or maladaptive process. To answer this question, we determined both the time-course and the extent of the alteration of gene expression induced by insulin-deficient diabetes. Transcript(More)
Cysteine thiol modifications are increasingly recognized to occur under both physiological and pathophysiological conditions, making their accurate detection, identification, and quantification of growing importance. Among free cysteines, the bulk of modifications occurs on a subset of cysteines that are more reactive. These exist as thiolate anions at(More)
Nitration of protein tyrosine residues (nY) is a marker of oxidative stress and may alter the biological activity of the modified proteins. The aim of this study was to develop antibodies toward site-specific nY-modified proteins and to use histochemistry and immunoblotting to demonstrate protein nitration in tissues. Affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) causes S-glutathiolation of the reactive cysteine-674 in the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA), thus increasing SERCA activity, and inhibiting Ca(2+) influx and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Because increased VSMC migration contributes to accelerated neointimal growth and atherosclerosis in(More)
Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (MCD) catalyzes the degradation of malonyl-CoA, an important modulator of fatty acid oxidation. We hypothesized that increased fatty acid availability would increase the expression and activity of heart and skeletal muscle MCD, thereby promoting fatty acid utilization. The results show that high-fat feeding, fasting, and(More)
The sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) is redox-regulated by posttranslational thiol modifications of cysteine-674 to regulate smooth muscle relaxation and migration. To detect oxidation of cysteine-674 that irreversibly prevents redox regulation, a polyclonal, sequence-specific antibody was developed toward a peptide containing cysteine-674(More)
OBJECTIVES Nitric oxide inhibits smooth muscle cell migration after arterial injury, but the detailed mechanism is not fully understood. The sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA) lowers cell Ca2+ by increasing intracellular Ca2+ uptake and inhibiting extracellular Ca2+ influx. Our previous studies showed that NO causes cyclic GMP-independent(More)
In order to transfer the genes for salt tolerance and disease resistance from Thinopyrum bessarabicum into wheat, the hybrid progenies between T. aestivum cv. Chinese Spring and T. aestivum cv. Chinese Spring-amphiploid Th. bessarabicum were screened. A set of T. aestivum-Th. bessarabicum disomic addition lines was developed with the assistance of mitotic(More)