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Oxidative stress has been increasingly recognized as a major contributing factor in a variety of human diseases, from inflammation to cancer. Although certain parts of signaling pathways are still under investigation, detailed molecular mechanisms for the induction of diseases have been elucidated, especially the link between excessive oxygen reactive(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a photoreceptor-degenerative disease caused by various mutations and is characterized by death of rod photoreceptor cell followed by gradual death of cone photoreceptors. The molecular mechanisms that lead to rod and cone death are not yet fully understood. Neuroinflammation contributes to the progression of many chronic(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the protective mechanisms of an 85 % pure extract of (-) epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in the development of fibrosis, oxidative stress and inflammation in a recently developed dietary-induced animal model of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with either normal rat diet or(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have exhibited therapeutic effects in multiple animal models so that are promising liver substitute for transplantation treatment of end-stage liver diseases. However, it has been shown that over-manipulation of these cells increased their tumorigenic potential, and that reducing the in vitro culture time could minimize the(More)
In this report, we cloned a cDNA and the gene of mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi) tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The length of TNF-alpha cDNA was 1461 bp, contained an open reading frame (ORF) of 762 bp, which encoded 253 amino acids. The positions of cysteine residues, transmembrane sequence, and protease cleavage site were similar with other(More)
Lycium barbarum has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine to nourish liver, kidneys and the eyes. However, the underlying mechanisms of its hepatic-protective properties remain uncertain. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) and NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome mediated the attenuation of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the hepato-protective properties and underlying mechanisms of SAMC in a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) rat model. METHODS Female rats were fed with a diet comprising highly unsaturated fat diet (30% fish oil) for 8 weeks to develop NAFLD with or without an intraperitoneal injection of 200 mg/kg SAMC three times per week.(More)
This study aimed to investigate the possible therapeutic effects and active components of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) on a high fat diet-induced NASH rat model. We induced NASH in a rat model by voluntary oral feeding with a high-fat diet ad libitum for 8 weeks. After 8 weeks, 1 mg/kg LBP was orally administered for another 4 weeks with a high-fat(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Lycium barbarum has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine to nourish liver, kidneys and the eyes. AIM OF THE STUDY We investigated the protective mechanisms of Wolfberry, Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) in carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced acute liver injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS Mice were(More)
OBJECTIVE To appraise the histological characteristics and clinical features of gastric hepatoid adenocarcinoma (GHAC) and their relevance with prognosis. METHODS From January 2001 to December 2003, six patients were diagnosed and confirmed pathologically in Ruijin Hospital as having a gastric hepatoid carcinoma. All these six patients, together with 30(More)