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The present study investigated the effect of systemic administration of the GABA(B) receptor agonist, baclofen, on the development and expression of d-methamphetamine (d-MA)-induced place preference in male Wistar rats. Using a biased and 8-day schedule of conditioning, it was found that administration of d-MA (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) produced significant place(More)
AIM To study the potential of the psychological dependence of tramadol. METHODS Rats were trained to discriminate 4.0 mg/kg morphine, and to discriminate 0.5 mg/kg methamphetamine (MA) from saline under a fixed-ratio (FR10) schedule of reinforcement. After they acquired the discrimination, different doses of tramadol were used to substitute for training(More)
Epilepsy is a chronic brain disorder which manifests as recurrent seizures. Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals are generally analyzed to study the characteristics of epileptic seizures. In this work, we propose a method for the automated classification of EEG signals into normal, interictal and ictal classes using Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT), Higher(More)
The effects of methamphetamine were studied on cardiovascular function in conscious squirrel monkeys. Methamphetamine (0.1-3.0 mg/kg, IV) produced a dose-dependent increase in blood pressure. Its effects on heart rate were more complex, with lower doses (0.1-0.3 mg/kg) producing increases in heart rate and higher doses (1.0-3.0 mg/kg) producing decreases.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Absolute ethanol was reported as an effective embolization of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), but its use to treat AVMs in the mandible is not yet well established. Here, we present our clinical experience on treatment of mandibular AVMs with absolute ethanol. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight consecutive patients with symptomatic(More)
Traditionally, it has been widely acknowledged that genes together with adult lifestyle factors determine the risk of developing some metabolic diseases such as insulin resistance, obesity and diabetes mellitus in later life. However, there is now substantial evidence that prenatal and early-postnatal nutrition play a critical role in determining(More)
Lymphatic malformations, traditionally called lymphangiomas, are diseases caused by development errors of the lymphatic system. About 90% of the cases occur within 2years of age, except a few cases which occur in adulthood, and approximately 75% of the lesions are located in the head and neck region. The lesions can grow rapidly with infection, trauma or(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION Maternal undernutrition during pregnancy and/or lactation can alter the offspring's response to environmental challenges, and thus increases the risk of the development of metabolic diseases at a later age. However, whether maternal protein restriction can modulate glucose metabolism in the early life of offspring is less understood.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Because of the relatively rare and extremely varied clinical presentations, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) involving the auriculae are technically challenging clinical entities to diagnose and, ultimately, manage. The purpose of our study was to present our initial experience of ethanol embolization in a series of 17 patients with(More)
In China, TianMai Xiaoke tablet (TM) is used to treat type 2 diabetes. However, the exact mechanism of TM is not clear. This study is to investigate the effect of TM on glucose metabolism in diabetic rats and to identify whether TM takes a direct action through microRNAs on islet. Rats were divided into control group, diabetic group, low dose of TM group(More)