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Leg lengthening procedure is used increasingly to treat leg length discrepancy and some forms of dwarfism. We investigated adaptation in rat sciatic nerve to the gradual nerve elongation that occurs with leg lengthening. Indirect nerve elongation was produced by leg lengthening by a total of 15, 30, 45, or 70 mm at a rate of 1 mm/day. One day after leg(More)
Substance P, acting via its neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1 R), plays an important role in mediating a variety of inflammatory processes. Its interaction with chemokines is known to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. In pancreatic acinar cells, substance P stimulates the release of NFkappaB-driven chemokines. However, the signal(More)
Quantum dots (QDs) have been increasingly used in biolabeling recently as their advantages over molecular fluorophores have become clear. For bioapplications QDs must be water-soluble and buffer stable, making their synthesis challenging and time-consuming. A simple aqueous synthesis of silica-capped, highly fluorescent CdTe quantum dots has been developed.(More)
The effects of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), a specific blocker of outward K(+) current, on voltage-activated transient outward K(+) current (I(K(A))) and inward Na(+) current (I(Na)) were investigated on cultured rat cerebellar granule cells using the whole cell voltage-clamp technique. At the concentration of 1-5 mM, 4-AP inhibited both I(K(A)) and I(Na). It(More)
BACKGROUND The peptide glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a hormone secreted by intestinal L cells in response to food intake. GLP-1 has been proposed as the basis of emerging therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the effects of GLP-1 on vascular injury in diabetes have not been identified. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) induce(More)
BACKGROUND Lifestyle plays an important role in the development of diabetic retinopathy. The lifestyle in Guangzhou is different from other cities in China as the Cantonese prefer eating rice porridge, but not spicy foods. The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence and determinants of diabetic retinopathy in a high-risk population of(More)
Fear extinction forms a new memory but does not erase the original fear memory. Exposure to novelty facilitates transfer of short-term extinction memory to long-lasting memory. However, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Using a classical contextual fear-conditioning model, we investigated the effect of novelty on(More)
BACKGROUND Previous clinical trials indicate that probiotic consumption may improve blood glucose control, however, results from randomized trials on glycemic control have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of probiotics on glycemic control in a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. DATA SOURCES(More)
Swelling-activated Cl- currents, I(Cl,swell) were measured during hyposmotic shock in white Leghorn embryonic chick heart cells using the whole-cell recording of patch-clamp technique. Genistein, an inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK), suppressed I(Cl,swell). Under isosmotic condition phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), an activator of PKC,(More)
Stable ruthenium nanoparticles were synthesized in a biphasic system with a protecting monolayer of dithiocarbamate derivatives. The core size of the resulting Ru particles was found to vary with the initial ligand–metal feed ratio. UV–vis spectroscopic measurements showed a Mie scattering profile, with no obvious surface-plasmon resonance. The size and(More)