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Substance P, acting via its neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1 R), plays an important role in mediating a variety of inflammatory processes. Its interaction with chemokines is known to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. In pancreatic acinar cells, substance P stimulates the release of NFkappaB-driven chemokines. However, the signal(More)
Neuropeptides play an important role in the active communication between the nervous and immune systems. Substance P (SP) is a prominent neuropeptide involved in neurogenic inflammation and has been reported to exert various proinflammatory actions on inflammatory leukocytes including neutrophils. The present study further investigated the modulatory effect(More)
In this study we compared Pittsburgh compound-B (PIB) positron emission tomography (PET) amyloid imaging, fluorodeoxyglucose PET for metabolism, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for structure to predict conversion from amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's dementia using data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative cohort.(More)
The toxic mechanism of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is still debating, partially because of the common co-occurrence and the lack of methods for separation of AgNPs and Ag(+) in biological matrices. For the first time, Triton-X 114-based cloud point extraction (CPE) was proposed to separate AgNPs and Ag(+) in the cell lysates of exposed HepG2 cells. Cell(More)
BACKGROUND Regulatory qualification of a biomarker for a defined context of use provides scientifically robust assurances to sponsors and regulators that accelerate appropriate adoption of biomarkers into drug development. METHODS The Coalition Against Major Diseases submitted a dossier to the Scientific Advice Working Party of the European Medicines(More)
Neuropeptide modulation of immune cell function is an important mechanism of neuro-immune intersystem crosstalk. Substance P (SP) is one such key neuropeptide involved. In this study, we investigated the yet unexplored cellular mechanisms of SP-mediated inflammatory responses in macrophages using a mouse macrophage-like cell line RAW 264.7 and isolated(More)
Recent evidence has revealed that senescence induction requires fine-tuned activation of p53, however, mechanisms underlying the regulation of p53 activity during senescence have not as yet been clearly established. We demonstrate here that SCF(Fbxo22)-KDM4A is a senescence-associated E3 ligase targeting methylated p53 for degradation. We find that Fbxo22(More)
The transition from seed dormancy to germination is triggered by environmental factors, and in pomegranate (Punica granatum) seeds higher germination percentages are achieved by warm + cold stratification rather than by cold stratification alone. Our objective was to define the pattern of internal oxidative changes in pomegranate seeds as dormancy was being(More)
Substance P, a neuropeptide belonging to the tachykinin family is a pleiotropic peptide with specific neural activities and involved in immunomodulation and antimicrobial host defense. It has been found to modulate a variety of inflammatory processes, including acute pancreatitis, sepsis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome and asthma. Also notably,(More)
We have shown earlier that mouse pancreatic acinar cells produce hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) and play a role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. It is noteworthy that recent evidence indicates that H(2)S has anti-inflammatory effects. To date, the mechanism by which H(2)S directly reduces inflammation has not been elucidated. In the present study, we(More)