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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ischemic postconditioning has been found to decrease brain infarct area and spinal cord ischemic injury. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that ischemic postconditioning reduces global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion-induced structural and functional injury in rats. METHODS Ten-minute global ischemia was induced by 4-vessel(More)
A rat model of depression has been recently developed by exogenous corticosterone administration. In this study, we further determined whether corticosterone administration also increased depression-like behavior in mice and explored the brain biochemical consequences of exposure to this administration paradigm. Mice received repeated injections of vehicle(More)
In this study we examined the neuronal responses of single units to different sound durations in the inferior colliculus (IC) of the mouse. One hundred and one recorded units were classified into onset (58%), sustained (9%) on-sustained (22%), pauser (9%) and chopper (2%) response patterns. Thirty-four percent of the recorded units showing stronger(More)
Virtual worlds are becoming increasingly sophisticated, showing potential as an effective platform for a variety of collaborative activities, including learning. This study examines students' intentions to use the virtual world Second Life (SL) for education, and explores factors associated with their intentions. Based on the Technology Acceptance Model(More)
This study examines the binaural and frequency representation in the primary auditory cortex (AC) of the big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus, by using an ear-phone stimulation system. All 306 cortical neurons studied were excited by contralateral sound stimulation but they were either excited, inhibited or not affected by ipsilateral sound stimulation. These(More)
Single cortical auditory neurons sequentially isolated within orthogonal electrode penetrations in the mouse were studied using tonal stimulation. They had common functional properties, such as firing pattern, best frequency, minimum threshold, sharpness of frequency tuning and onset latency. The finding suggests that there is columnar organization in the(More)
Cytokines play an important role in the immunological pathogenesis of schistosomiasis. Schistosomiasis would be associated with an imbalance in inflammatory cytokines that leads to a decrease of T helper (Th) 1 and an increase of Th2 cytokine secretion. Corresponding data so far have been inconsistent, so we performed a meta-analysis to assess whether(More)
Iron excess is closely associated with tumorigenesis in multiple types of human cancers, with underlying mechanisms yet unclear. Recently, iron deprivation has emerged as a major strategy for chemotherapy, but it exerts tumor suppression only on select human malignancies. Here, we report that the tumor suppressor protein p53 is downregulated during iron(More)
While many businesses seek to seize the momentum of social networking sites, the combination of technology-enabled social networks and e-commerce may offer significant opportunities for retailers. Social shopping sites emerged as the latest developments to leverage the power of social networking with online shopping. Despite enormous business interests and(More)
Oxidative stress is believed to contribute to neuronal damage induced by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the possible antioxidant neuroprotective effect of genistein against neuronal death in hippocampal CA1 neurons following transient global cerebral ischemia in the rat. Transient global cerebral(More)