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Signal transduction exerted by the microenvironment around the primary tumor locus may trigger tumor metastasis especially at the migration stage. Sustained mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling involved in uncontrolled tumor cell migration rely on the cross talks between integrin, receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) and protein kinase C (PKC). The(More)
The tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) can trigger growth inhibition, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-like cell scattering, and migration of hepatoma cells HepG2 in a protein kinase C-alpha (PKC-alpha)-dependent manner. Saikosaponin a, an ingredient of antitumorigenic Chinese herb Sho-Saiko-to, inhibited cell growth but did(More)
Snail was recently highlighted as a critical transcriptional factor for tumor metastasis. Real time RT/PCR and Western blot analysis demonstrated that Snail mRNA and protein, respectively, were induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in hepatoma cell HepG2. Blockade of gene expression of Snail by antisense oligodeoxynucleotide and/or siRNA(More)
Snail is a multifunctional transcriptional factor that has been described as a repressor in many different contexts. It is also proposed as an activator in a few cases relevant to tumor progression and cell-cycle arrest. This study investigated the detailed mechanisms by which Snail upregulates gene expression of the CDK inhibitor p15(INK4b) in HepG2(More)
Ethambutol (EMB)-induced ocular side effects may involve the influence on functions of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), in addition to EMB-induced optic neuropathy. To address this issue, the molecular and cellular effects of EMB on RPE including growth regulation, morphological responses, phagocytic activity, and the relevant signaling pathways were(More)
The poor prognosis and recurrence of HCC are majorly caused by intrahepatic metastasis. Delineating the molecular pathways mediating these processes may benefit developing effective targeting therapies. Using human hepatoma HepG2 as a model, we have found reactive oxygen species (ROS) may cooperate with protein kinase C (PKC) for sustained ERK(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is critical for triggering metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma cell (HCC). Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) mediates HGF-induced cell migration via focal adhesion signaling. Protein kinase C (PKC) is a negative regulator of ERK activation, however, both PKC and ERK were required for HGF-induced cell migration. To(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induced c-Met signaling play critical roles in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, c-Met targeting approaches suffered resistance and side effect, thus identification of more suitable downstream targets is needed. Recently, we demonstrated HGF-induced fluctuant ERK/paxillin signaling within 24h. We(More)
Within tumor microenvironment, a lot of growth factors such as hepatocyte growth factor and epidermal growth factor may induce similar signal cascade downstream of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) and trigger tumor metastasis synergistically. In the past decades, the intimate relationship of RTK-mediated receptor endocytosis with signal transduction was well(More)
One of the signaling components involved in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression is the focal adhesion adaptor paxillin. Hydrogen peroxide inducible clone-5 (Hic-5), one of the paralogs of paxillin, exhibits many biological functions distinct from paxillin, but may cooperate with paxillin to trigger tumor progression. Screening of Hic-5 in 145(More)