Jia-Ping Xu

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Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) is a primary pathogen of silkworm (B. mori) that causes severe economic losses each year. However, the molecular mechanisms of silkworm-BmNPV interactions, especially the silkworm proteins that can interact with the virus, are still largely unknown. In this study, the total and membrane proteins of silkworm midguts(More)
Cardiotoxin III (CTX III), a 60-amino acid basic polypeptide isolated from Naja venom, showed potential therapeutic activity toward cancer cells. Here we report that CTX III inhibited proliferation of human leukemia K562 cells by G2/M phase arresting and apoptosis which was associated with the activation of caspase-8 and cytochrome c release as well as the(More)
Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) is a highly pathogenic virus in the sericultural industry, often causing severe damage leading to large economic losses. The immune mechanisms of B. mori against this virus remain obscure. Previous studies had demonstrated Bmlipase-1, BmNox and Bmserine protease-2 showing antiviral(More)
Electrically generated negative air ions (ENIs) have been widely used to improve indoor air quality. However, the effects of ENIs reported so far were inconsistent due to the variance in test systems, end points detected and the exposure methods. In this study, a simple model organism, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, was used as an in vivo system to(More)
The ENF peptide family, so termed after the consensus sequence in their amino termini (Glu-Asn-Phe-), is assumed to play multiple important roles in defense reactions, growth regulation, and homeostasis of Lepidopteran insects. The paralytic peptide of Bombyx mori (BmPP) is one such peptide that is involved in the paralytic and plasmatocyte-spreading(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a highly conserved gene regulatory mechanism in eukaryotic organisms; however, an understanding of mechanisms of cellular uptake of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) in different organisms remains elusive. By using pharmacological inhibitors of different endocytic pathways in conjunction with RNAi of a marker gene (lethal giant larvae,(More)
The highly pathogenic Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) has caused severe damages to sericulture in many countries, and the relationship between the pathogenicity of various BmNPV strains and their geographical evolution has been the topic of our interest. In this study, we isolated a new BmNPV strain from Thailand (BmNPV-Thai), based on the(More)
The recombinant swine poxvirus rSPV/H3-2A-H1 co-expressing HA1 genes of H3N2 and H1N1 subtype SIV has been constructed and identified. Inoculations of rSPV/H3-2A-H1 yielded ELISA and neutralization antibodies against SIV H1N1 and H3N2, and elicited potent H1N1 and H3N2 SIV-specific INF-γ response from T-lymphocytes in mice and pigs in this study. Complete(More)
The complete mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) of Peking duck (Anas platyrhychos) was determined. The entire genome was 16,604 bp in length. Similar to the typical mtDNA of vertebrates, it contained 37 genes (13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes) and a non-coding region (D-loop). The characteristics of the mitochondrial genome was analyzed and(More)
Swine influenza (SI) is an acute respiratory infectious disease of swine caused by swine influenza virus (SIV). SIV is not only an important respiratory pathogen in pigs but also a potent threat to human health. Here, we report the construction of a recombinant swinepox virus (rSPV/H3-2A-H1) co-expressing hemagglutinin (HA1) of SIV subtypes H1N1 and H3N2.(More)