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BACKGROUND Although a variety of methods and expensive kits are available, molecular cloning can be a time-consuming and frustrating process. RESULTS Here we report a highly simplified, reliable, and efficient PCR-based cloning technique to insert any DNA fragment into a plasmid vector or into a gene (cDNA) in a vector at any desired position. With this(More)
Chronic activation of microglia, the macrophages of the CNS, has been shown to enhance neuronal damage because of excessive release of proinflammatory cytokines and neurotoxic molecules in a number of neurodegenerative diseases. Recent reports showed altered microRNA (miRNA) expression in immune-mediated pathologies, thus suggesting that miRNAs modulate(More)
BACKGROUND Sodium channel α-subunits in ventricular myocytes (VMs) segregate either to the intercalated disc or to lateral membranes, where they associate with region-specific molecules. OBJECTIVE To determine the functional properties of sodium channels as a function of their location in the cell. METHODS Local sodium currents were recorded from adult(More)
Diva ( d eath i nducer binding to v Bcl-2 and A paf-1)/BclB is a Bcl-2 family member, which is known for its function in apoptosis. Diva/BclB has been shown to interact with NDPKB/Nm23H2, which is involved in cellular differentiation. Thus far, there has been no direct evidence of Diva/BclB having a role in differentiation. In the present study, we(More)
Non-Uniform Rational B-spline (NURBS) is often used to construct the free-form boundary representation of three-dimensional objects. In this paper, we propose a method for mechanical analysis for deformable bodies by combining NURBS geometric representation and the Galerkin method. The NURBS surface bounding a 3D body is extended to a trivariate NURBS solid(More)
The incidence of blast attacks and resulting traumatic brain injuries has been on the rise in recent years. Primary blast is one of the mechanisms in which the blast wave can cause injury to the brain. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a single sub-lethal blast over pressure (BOP) exposure of either 48.9 kPa (7.1 psi) or 77.3 kPa (11.3(More)
Microglial cells are endowed with different potassium ion channels but their expression and specific functions have remained to be fully clarified. This study has shown Kv1.2 expression in the amoeboid microglia in the rat brain between 1 (P1) and 10 (P10) days of age. Kv1.2 expression was localized in the ramified microglia at P14 and was hardly detected(More)
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a debilitating psychiatric illness with no available objective laboratory-based diagnostic test. In this study, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)-based peptidomics was applied to identify potential urinary diagnostic biomarkers for MDD. A training set of 42(More)