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BACKGROUND The Canale-Smith syndrome is a childhood disorder characterized by lymphadenopathy and autoimmunity. The similarity between this syndrome and that in mice with the lymphoproliferation (lpr) phenotype or the generalized-lymphoproliferative-disease (gld) phenotype led us to investigate whether it too is caused by mutations of the Fas gene (lpr(More)
Heterozygous mutations of the receptor CD95 (Fas/Apo-1) are associated with defective lymphocyte apoptosis and a clinical disease characterized by lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and systemic autoimmunity. From our cohort of 11 families, we studied eight patients to define the mechanisms responsible for defective CD95-mediated apoptosis. Mutations in and(More)
The ribosomal P proteins are necessary for GTPase activity during protein synthesis. In addition to antibodies to the P proteins, sera from lupus patients contain anti-rRNA activity. To determine whether lupus antiribosomal sera recognize the region of 28S rRNA recently proposed to form part of the ribosomal GTPase center, an rRNA fragment corresponding to(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the ability of mature dendritic cells (DCs) or macrophages intentionally exposed to lipopolysaccharide or apoptotic or necrotic cells to break tolerance in normal mice. METHODS We adoptively transferred into C57BL/6 mice a variety of syngeneic myeloid antigen-presenting cell populations exposed to different activation stimuli as well(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical spectrum of disease in humans with mutations in the CD95 (Fas/ APO-1) receptor and to obtain mechanistic insight into the different clinical phenotypes observed. METHODS Clinical information for each of the index cases, first-degree relatives, and any family members reported to have Canale-Smith syndrome (or another(More)
A composite agarose-polyacrylamide gel containing urea and sodium dodecyl sulfate reliably resolved unreduced human immunoglobulins according to their molecular weight. Intact immunoglobulins and a number of other macromolecules were readily transferred to nitrocellulose paper by either capillary or electrophoretic blotting, although the latter technique(More)
A lambda-transducing phage was isolated that contains the metE gene. This gene codes for N5-methyl-H4-folate:homocysteine methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.14), an enzyme that catalyzes the terminal reaction in methionine biosynthesis. A 9.1-kb EcoR1 fragment of this phage, containing the metE gene, was then cloned into pBR325. This plasmid, pJ19, was used to(More)
Utilizing the principles of counterimmunoelectrophoresis, a technique was devised to immunologically identify non-denatured protein antigens resolved by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Proteins were electrophoretically transferred from polyacrylamide gel to antibody-containing agarose gel in a commercially available blotting apparatus. Detection of the(More)
This study was undertaken to determine the role of antibodies against both recombinant Ro (r-Ro) and La (r-La) proteins and polypeptides derived from the recombinant La protein in predicting fetal and neonatal outcome in children at risk to develop neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE). All sera were obtained in the perinatal period and quantitative ELISA(More)
The spectrotypes of IgA and IgM rheumatoid factors (RF) were analysed in whole serum as well as immunoglobulin fractions and purified RF from patients with one of three autoimmune disorders. As predicted from the pI ranges of normal human serum IgM and IgA in agarose, IgM RF had near neutral pIs, whereas IgA RF showed more acidic (lower) pI values. Serum(More)