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The interaction of the rhomboid pseudoprotease Derlin-1 and p97 is crucial for the retrotranslocation of polyubiquitinated substrates in the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation pathway. We report a 2.25 Å resolution structure of the p97 N-terminal domain (p97N) in complex with the Derlin-1 SHP motif. Remarkably, the SHP motif adopts a short,(More)
RHBDL4 is an active rhomboid that specifically recognizes and cleaves atypical, positively charged transmembrane endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) substrates. Interaction of valosin-containing protein (p97/VCP) and RHBDL4 is crucial to retrotranslocate polyubiquitinated substrates for ERAD pathway. Here, we report the first complex(More)
In order to define the protease domain of human immunodeficiency virus 1, various regions of the pol open reading frame were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Antiserum directed against the conserved retroviral protease active site was used to identify pol precursor and processed species containing the presumed protease domain. The smallest product(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), a new endogenous mediator, produces both vasorelaxation and vasoconstriction. This study was designed to examine whether cAMP mediates the vasoconstrictive effect of H(2)S. We found that NaHS at a concentration range of 10-100 microM (yields approximately 3-30 microM H(2)S) concentration-dependently reversed the vasodilation caused(More)
Eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF)4E is overexpressed in many types of cancer such as breast, head and neck, and lung. A consequence of increased levels of eIF4E is the preferential translation of pro-tumorigenic proteins such as c-Myc, cyclin D1, and vascular endothelial growth factor. Inhibition of eIF4E is therefore a potential therapeutic target for(More)
The mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) is responsible for mitochondrial calcium uptake and homeostasis. It is also a target for the regulation of cellular anti-/pro-apoptosis and necrosis by several oncogenes and tumour suppressors. Herein, we report the crystal structure of the MCU N-terminal domain (NTD) at a resolution of 1.50 Å in a novel fold and(More)
Coxsackievirus B3 is the main cause of human viral myocarditis and cardiomyopathy. Virally encoded Coxsackievirus 3C protease (3C(pro)) plays an essential role in viral proliferation. Here, benserazide was discovered as a novel inhibitor from a drug library screen targeting Coxsackievirus 3C(pro) using a FRET-based enzyme assay. Benserazide, whose chemical(More)
EFhd2/Swiprosin-1 is a cytoskeletal Ca2+-binding protein implicated in Ca2+-dependent cell spreading and migration in epithelial cells. EFhd2 domain architecture includes an N-terminal disordered region, a PxxP motif, two EF-hands, a ligand mimic helix and a C-terminal coiled-coil domain. We reported previously that EFhd2 displays F-actin bundling activity(More)
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