Learn More
Patients with sepsis have impaired host defenses that contribute to the lethality of the disorder. Recent work implicates lymphocyte apoptosis as a potential factor in the immunosuppression of sepsis. If lymphocyte apoptosis is an important mechanism, specific subsets of lymphocytes may be more vulnerable. A prospective study of lymphocyte cell typing and(More)
Sepsis induces lymphocyte apoptosis and prevention of lymphocyte death may improve the chances of surviving this disorder. We compared the efficacy of a selective caspase-3 inhibitor to a polycaspase inhibitor and to caspase-3-/- mice. Both inhibitors prevented lymphocyte apoptosis and improved survival. Caspase-3-/- mice shared a decreased, but not total,(More)
Sepsis induces extensive apoptosis of lymphocytes, which may be responsible for the profound immune suppression of the disorder. Two potential pathways of sepsis-induced lymphocyte apoptosis, Fas and p53, were investigated. Lymphocyte apoptosis was evaluated 20-22 h after sepsis by annexin V or DNA nick-end labeling. Fas receptor-deficient mice had no(More)
Sepsis induces extensive lymphocyte cell death that may contribute to immune depression and morbidity/mortality in the disorder. bcl-2 is a member of a new class of oncogenes that prevents cell death from an array of noxious stimuli. Transgenic mice that overexpress BCL-2 in T lymphocytes are resistant to sepsis-induced T cell apoptosis, and mortality was(More)
We have recently demonstrated that (1) nitric oxide (NO) is produced during experimental cardiac allograft rejection by the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the rejecting organ and that (2) inhibition of NO production by iNOS attenuated acute rejection. The present study examined the interaction of corticosteroids, iNOS gene(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated that continuous treatment with aminoguanidine, a selective inhibitor of nitric oxide production by inducible nitric oxide synthase, attenuated acute cardiac allograft rejection. METHODS A rat transplant model was used to determine (1) when inducible nitric oxide synthase was expressed in the allograft heart during(More)
BACKGROUND The role of femoro-femoral bypass in the management of aorto-iliac occlusive disease has evolved during the past two decades. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the early and long-term outcomes of femoro-femoral bypass grafts performed at the University of Hong Kong Medical Centre during an 18-year period. METHODS From 1981 to 1998, a(More)
BACKGROUND We have demonstrated that inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS) ameliorated acute cardiac allograft rejection. This study determined the time course and cellular localization of inducible NOS expression during the histologic progression of unmodified acute rat cardiac allograft rejection. METHODS Tissue from syngeneic (ACI to ACI)(More)