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We present the 10- to 17-year results of 112 computer-assisted design computer-assisted manufacture femoral components. The total hip replacements were performed between 1992 and 1998 in 111 patients, comprising 53 men and 58 women. Their mean age was 46.2 years (24.6 to 62.2) with a mean follow-up of 13 years (10 to 17). The mean Harris Hip Score improved(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Muscle atrophy is seen in patients with metal-on-metal (MOM) hip implants, probably because of inflammatory destruction of the musculo-tendon junction. However, like pseudotumors, it is unclear when atrophy occurs and whether it progresses with time. Our objective was to determine whether muscle atrophy associated with MOM hip(More)
We report the theoretical basis of a method to measure axial migration of femoral components of total hip replacements (THR). The use of the top of the greater trochanter and a lateral point on the collar of the stem, allowing for variations of up to 10 degrees rotation of the femur in any direction between successive radiographs, gave a maximum error of(More)
Tissue engineering approaches to regenerate bone stock in revision total hip replacements could enhance the longevity of the implant and benefit the quality of the patient's life. This study investigated the impaction of allograft with mesenchymal stem cells in an ovine hip hemiarthroplasty model. In total, 10 sheep were divided into two groups with 5 sheep(More)
Three types of uncemented femoral stems were designed for patients having revision hip surgery, with the goals of promoting axial stability and preserving proximal bone stock. These stems were made individually using computer design and manufacturing technology. Various design features were examined using nonlinear finite element analysis. All stems had(More)
Symmetrical, asymmetrical, and custom asymmetrical stems without collars were manufactured and inserted without cement, in that order, into each of eight femora. Displacement transducers were mounted at different locations to measure relative motion between the stem and the bone. A load was applied to simulate the forces acting on a hip joint in a(More)
Widespread concern exists about adverse tissue reactions after metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacement (THR). Concerns have also been expressed with wear and corrosion of taper junctions in THR. We report the effect of surface finish and contact area associated with a single combination of materials of modular tapers. In an in vitro test, we investigated(More)
Between June 1991 and January 1995, 42 hydroxyapatite-coated CAD-CAM femoral components were inserted in 25 patients with inflammatory polyarthropathy, 21 of whom had juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Their mean age was 21 years (11 to 35). All the patients were reviewed clinically and radiologically at one, three and five years. At the final review at a mean(More)
Proximal and distal femoral replacements with intramedullary stems are usually cemented in place but frequently show severe bone remodeling changes in the long term, which can contribute to a loosening process. The remodeling is likely to be associated with stress and strain distribution. This study compared the strain patterns, particularly the maximum(More)
Differences in the cross-sectional shapes of intramedullary stems are expected to affect the strains in the femur, a close proximal fit being proposed as particularly advantageous. We compared uncemented femoral stems of different designs, as well as a cemented stem, using the intact femur as a control. The collarless stems were custom-made, standard(More)