Jia-Hua Zheng

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BACKGROUND Antiretroviral chemoprophylaxis before exposure is a promising approach for the prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition. METHODS We randomly assigned 2499 HIV-seronegative men or transgender women who have sex with men to receive a combination of two oral antiretroviral drugs, emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate(More)
A reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatographic (LC), tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) assay for the determination of tenofovir (TFV) and emtricitabine (FTC) in dried blood spots (DBS) from human whole blood was developed and validated. Whole blood samples were spotted, dried, and a 3mm punch was extracted with methanol for analysis by LC-MS/MS(More)
Tenofovir (TFV) disoproxil fumarate (TDF)±emtricitabine (FTC) are widely used for HIV treatment and chemoprophylaxis, but variable adherence may lead to suboptimal responses. Methods that quantify adherence would allow for interventions to improve treatment and prevention outcomes. Our objective was to characterize the pharmacokinetics of TFV-diphosphate(More)
INTRODUCTION Concentrations of zidovudine (ZDV)- and lamivudine (3TC)-triphosphates (TP) have been quantified in unfractionated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from HIV+ patients. The objective of this study was to determine whether concentrations of ZDV-TP and 3TC-TP in PBMC reflect the concentrations within CD4 T cells in HIV-seronegative(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to compare atazanavir pharmacokinetics in genetically determined CYP3A5 expressors versus non-expressors. METHODS HIV-negative adult volunteers were pre-screened for CYP3A5 *3, *6 and *7 polymorphisms and enrollment was balanced for CYP3A5 expressor status, gender and race (African-American versus(More)
Sofosbuvir (SOF) is a highly efficacious and well-tolerated uridine nucleotide analog that inhibits the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B polymerase enzyme. SOF is administered as a prodrug, which undergoes intracellular phosphorylation by host enzymes to a monophosphate, diphosphate, and finally a pharmacologically active triphosphate. In order to fully(More)
Biosynthesis of mouse C4 has been investigated intensively because of the recognized genetic variation in serum C4 levels among different inbred strains characterized by C4-high (C4h) and C4-1ow (C41) alleles (Shreffier 1976). Indeed, the S region of the mouse major histocompatibility complex (MHC, H-2) was originally defined as the locus that controls the(More)
An ultra-sensitive liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay was developed and validated to facilitate the assessment of clinical pharmacokinetics of nucleotide analogs from lysed intracellular matrix. The method utilized a strong anion exchange isolation of mono-(MP), di-(DP), and tri-phosphates (TP) from intracellular matrix. Each(More)
Efficient, inexpensive and sensitive assays for the measurement of drugs are of interest for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics (PK-PD) analysis. Dried blood spots (DBS) are a unique bioanaltyical matrix with the potential to fulfill this interest for the measurement of numerous analytes. Here we describe the development and validation of a reversed-phase(More)
This communication describes the application of an existing intracellular methodology to the quantitation of tenofovir-diphosphate (TFV-DP) and emtricitabine-triphosphate (FTC-TP) from erythrocytes using dried blood spots (DBS). Concentrations were determined from a 3mm DBS punch extracted into a 70:30 methanol:water solution (lysed cellular matrix). This(More)