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Immunocytes, mainly neutrophils and monocytes, exhibit an intrinsic homing property, enabling them to migrate to sites of injury and inflammation. They can thus act as Trojan horses carrying concealed drug cargoes while migrating across impermeable barriers to sites of disease, especially the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In this study, to target circulating(More)
We design multilevel coding (MLC) with a semi-bit interleaved coded modulation (BICM) scheme based on low density parity check (LDPC) codes. Different from the traditional designs, we joined the MLC and BICM together by using the Gray mapping, which is suitable to transmit the data over several equivalent channels with different code rates. To perform well(More)
The delayed onset of therapeutic outcomes is a major drawback of the current antidepressants. The blood-brain barrier is the most important bottleneck impeding drug transport into the brain. Therefore, development of novel antidepressant medications with rapid onset and sustained activity is urgent. RGD liposomes showed an excellent effect of(More)
Nitrogen (N) is an essential mineral element for plant growth processes, and its availability severely affects the productivity of plants, especially trees. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs approximately 21 nucleotides in length that play important roles in plant growth, development and stress responses. To identify Populus miRNAs and their(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoporosis is one of the systemic features of COPD. A correlation between the emphysema phenotype of COPD and reduced bone mineral density (BMD) is suggested by some studies, however, the mechanisms underlying this relationship are unclear. Experimental studies indicate that IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α may play important roles in the etiology of both(More)