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Celsr3 and Fzd3, members of "core planar cell polarity" (PCP) genes, were shown previously to control forebrain axon guidance and wiring by acting in axons and/or guidepost cells. Here, we show that Celsr2 acts redundantly with Celsr3, and that their combined mutation mimics that of Fzd3. The phenotypes generated upon inactivation of Fzd3 in different(More)
Macroalgae have received much attention for heavy metal removal in treatment of domestic wastewater. In this report, the uptake capacity of a common freshwater green alga, Cladophora fracta, for heavy metal ions (copper, zinc, cadmium, and mercury) was evaluated. The equilibrium adsorption capacities were 2.388 mg Cu2+, 1.623 mg Zn2+, 0.240 mg Cd2+, and(More)
Nitzschia ZJU1, which originated from the diatom Nitzschia sp. (ash free dry weight of biomass was 0.12 g L−1 and its lipid content was 13.34 %) after 60Co-γ ray irradiation and domestication at high-salinity, was re-mutated by 137Cs-γ irradiation to increase lipid productivity. The lipid yields of the new mutants Nitzschia ZJU2 and Nitzschia ZJU3, which(More)
Atypical cadherin Celsr3, a regulator of planar cell polarity, is critical for the development of the axonal blueprint. We previously showed that expression of Celsr3 is necessary to establish forebrain connections such as the anterior commissure and thalamocortical and corticospinal tracts. The requirement for Celsr3 during hippocampal wiring and its(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the THAP1 gene have recently been identified as the cause of DYT6 primary dystonia. However, the changes in THAP1 gene function and in the microstructure of brain white matter have not been well-characterized. METHODS Four different mutations of THAP1 expression (clones F22fs71X, C54F, F25fs53X, and L180S) were transfected into(More)
Brachial plexus injury (BPI) and experimental spinal root avulsion result in loss of motor function in the affected segments. After root avulsion, significant motoneuron function is restored by re-implantation of the avulsed root. How much this functional recovery depends on corticospinal inputs is not known. Here, we studied that question using Celsr3|Emx1(More)
Mutations in the THAP1 gene were recently identified as the cause of DYT6 primary dystonia. More than 40 mutations in this gene have been described in different populations. However, no previous report has identified sequence variations that affect the transcript process of the THAP1 gene. In addition, the mutation frequency in Chinese early-onset primary(More)
BACKGROUND Dystonia is defined as the presence of sustained involuntary muscle contractions, often leading to abnormal posture and movement. DYT1 is caused by a mutation in the TOR1A gene, whilst mutations in THAP1 gene have been identified as responsible for DYT6. The relative frequency and phenotype differences between DYT1 and DYT6 amongst Chinese(More)
The study was conducted to determine the effects of iron glycine chelate (Fe-Gly) on growth, tissue mineral concentrations, fecal mineral excretion, and liver antioxidant enzyme activities in broilers. A total of 360 1-day-old commercial broilers (Ross × Ross) were randomly allotted to six dietary treatments with six replications of ten chicks per(More)
Diatoms constitute a remarkably diverse and attractive group of microalgae, serving as the main primary producers in many ecosystems and a potential source of renewable biofuel. The enhancement of lipid production in diatoms has been achieved by the optimization of culture conditions, such as temperature, salinity, and nutrient starvation. In this study, we(More)