Jia-Chun Feng

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A novel population of cells that express typical immature neuronal markers including doublecortin (DCX+) has been recently identified throughout the adult cerebral cortex of relatively large mammals (guinea pig, rabbit, cat, monkey and human). These cells are more common in the associative relative to primary cortical areas and appear to develop into(More)
Cerebral hypometabolism and amyloid accumulation are principal neuropathological manifestations of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Whether and how brain/neuronal activity might modulate certain pathological processes of AD are interesting topics of recent clinical and basic research in the field, and may be of potential medical relevance in regard to both the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the existence of an association between compensatory remodeling in symptomatic middle cerebral artery atherosclerotic stenosis with high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR MRI) and transcranial color Doppler monitoring of microembolic signals (MESs). METHODS A total of 36 consecutive patients with symptomatic middle(More)
The presence of neuritic plaques is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the origin of extracellular beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) deposits and the process of plaque development remain poorly understood. The present study attempted to explore plaque pathogenesis by localizing beta-secretase-1 (BACE1) elevation relative to Abeta(More)
Although the neurotoxicity of amyloid β (Aβ) protein in Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been reported widely, the exact molecular mechanism underlying the Aβ-induced synaptic dysfunction and memory impairment remains largely unclear. Growing evidence indicates that wingless-type (Wnt) signaling plays an important role in neuronal development, synapse formation(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common dementia-causing disorder in the elderly; it may be related to multiple risk factors, and is characterized pathologically by cerebral hypometabolism, paravascular β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) plaques, neuritic dystrophy, and intra-neuronal aggregation of phosphorylated tau. To explore potential pathogenic links among(More)
Connexin subunits are proteins that form gap junction channels, and play an important role in communication between adjacent cells. This review article discusses the function of connexins/hemichannels/gap junctions under physiological conditions, and summarizes the findings regarding the role of connexins/hemichannels/gap junctions in the physiological and(More)
A considerable number of cells expressing typical immature neuronal markers including doublecortin (DCX+) are present around layer II in the cerebral cortex of young and adult guinea pigs and other larger mammals, and their origin and biological implication await further characterization. We show here in young adult guinea pigs that these DCX+ cells are(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in GNAL have recently been identified as responsible for primary dystonia, however, GNAL mutations in Chinese patients with primary dystonia are not well characterized. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-nine unrelated patients with cervical onset or cervical involved primary dystonia and 120 neurologically normal controls from Northeast(More)
BACKGROUND The ΔGAG deletion of the TOR1A gene (DYT1) is responsible for DYT1 dystonia. However, no other TOR1A mutation has been reported in the Chinese population. METHODS Two hundred one dystonia patients without the ΔGAG deletion were screened for other mutations in TOR1A. Gene function changes were analyzed by subcellular distribution and luciferase(More)