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Finding top-K influential nodes in social networks has many important applications. Previous work only considered that one node in the network can influence other nodes with a uniform probability, which doesn't take user preferences into account and greatly affects the accuracy of results. We propose a two-stage mining algorithm (GAUP) for mining most(More)
A low power 4-bit 2 GS/s flash ADC is presented. To enhance the speed, the analog part of the ADC is fully pipelined; reset switches are inserted into preamplifiers and comparators for fast overdrive recovery. Post-simulation results show that the peak DNL and INL are 0.04 LSB and 0.06 LSB, respectively. With 970.2 MHz input, the SFDR and ENOB achieve 33.2(More)
The group II metabotropic glutamate receptors (group II mGluRs) have emerged as the new drug targets for the treatment of mental disorders like schizophrenia. To understand the potential mechanisms underlying the antipsychotic effects of group II mGluRs, we examined their impact on NMDA receptors (NMDARs), since NMDAR hypofunction has been implicated in(More)
BACKGROUND Methylphenidate (MPH), a psychostimulant drug used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, produces the effects of increasing alertness and improving attention. However, misuse of MPH has been associated with an increased risk of aggression and psychosis. We sought to determine the molecular mechanism underlying the complex actions of(More)
The prefrontal cortex (PFC), a region responsible for high-order cognitive functions, such as decision-making, attention and working memory, is highly influenced by stress and corticosteroid stress hormones. Recently it has been shown that acute stress affects PFC functions by potentiating glutamatergic transmission via a mechanism dependent on(More)
Haploinsufficiency of the Shank3 gene, which encodes a scaffolding protein at glutamatergic synapses, is a highly prevalent and penetrant risk factor for autism. Using combined behavioral, electrophysiological, biochemical, imaging, and molecular approaches, we find that Shank3-deficient mice exhibit autism-like social deficits and repetitive behaviors, as(More)
Shank3, which encodes a scaffolding protein at glutamatergic synapses, is a genetic risk factor for autism. In this study, we examined the impact of Shank3 deficiency on the NMDA-type glutamate receptor, a key player in cognition and mental illnesses. We found that knockdown of Shank3 with a small interfering RNA (siRNA) caused a significant reduction of(More)
Emerging evidence from studies of Huntington disease (HD) pathophysiology suggests that huntingtin (htt) and its associated protein HAP1 participate in intracellular trafficking and synaptic function. However, it is largely unknown whether AMPA receptor trafficking, which is crucial for controlling the efficacy of synaptic excitation, is affected by the(More)
Degeneration of basal forebrain (BF) cholinergic neurons is one of the early pathological events in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is thought to be responsible for the cholinergic and cognitive deficits in AD. The functions of this group of neurons are highly influenced by glutamatergic inputs from neocortex. We found that activation of metabotropic glutamate(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of our study was to investigate whether DRD4 gene DNA methylation played an important role in the susceptibility of Han Chinese SCZ. METHODS Using the bisulphite pyrosequencing technology, DNA methylation levels of 6 CpG dinucleotides in DRD4 CpG island were measured among 30 paranoid SCZ patients, 30 undifferentiated SCZ patients, and(More)