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BACKGROUND Mycobacterial culture is the gold standard test for diagnosing tuberculosis (TB), but it is time-consuming. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a highly sensitive and specific method that can reduce the time required for diagnosis. The diagnostic efficacy of PCR differs, so this study determined the actual sensitivity of TB-PCR in tissue(More)
The purpose of this study was to document the redesign of an existing doctoral reading course for online environment. This design process includes contributions from van Merriënboer's 4C/ID model and Frick's Totally Integrated Education (TIE) theory, and the redevelopment of course objectives to meet strategic goals within the doctoral program.
In this paper we enumerate the number of (k, r)-Fuss-Schröder paths of type λ. Y. Park and S. Kim studied small Schröder paths with type λ. Generalizing the results to small (k, r)-Fuss-Schröder paths with type λ, we give a combinatorial interpretation for the number of small (k, r)-Fuss-Schröder paths of type λ by using Chung-Feller style. We also give two(More)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TSGCT), a group of(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide. Approximately 10%-15% of the CRC cases have defective DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Although the high level of microsatellite instability status is a predictor of favorable outcome in primary CRC, little is known about its frequency and importance in secondary CRC.(More)
BACKGROUND Atypia of undetermined significance (AUS) is a category that encompasses a heterogeneous group of thyroid aspiration cytology. It has been reclassified into two subgroups based on the cytomorphologic features: AUS with cytologic atypia and AUS with architectural atypia. The nuclear characteristics of AUS with cytologic atypia need to be clarified(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a cross-talk between opioid receptors (OPRs) and adenosine receptors (ADRs) in remifentanil preconditioning (R-Pre) and, if so, to investigate the types of ADRs involved in the cross-talk. Isolated rat hearts received 30 min of regional ischemia followed by 2 hr of reperfusion. OPR and ADR(More)
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