Ji-hoon Kang

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Recently, it was reported that in a 4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) model, neuronal cell death is associated with the cdk5-mediated hyperphosphorylation of myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2), a transcription factor that is critically required for neuronal survival. In the present study, we investigated the possible involvement of cdk5-mediated(More)
Because of frequent involvement of the cerebellum and brainstem, ocular motor abnormalities are key features of spinocerebellar ataxias and may aid in differential diagnosis. Our objective for this study was to distinguish the subtypes by ophthalmologic features after head-shaking and positional maneuvers, which are not yet recognized as differential(More)
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has been described only sporadically for patients with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). However, cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) were found in 31% to 69% of the patients with CADASIL, and this predicted an increased risk of ICH. In this study, the authors found(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral autosomal-dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited microangiopathy caused by mutations in the Notch3 gene. Although previous studies have shown an association between lacunar infarction and cognitive impairment, the relationship between MRI parameters and cognition(More)
Hereditary progressive dystonia with marked diurnal fluctuation/dopa-responsive dystonia (HPD/DRD) shows the considerable heterogeneity of clinical phenotypic expression and a dramatic sustained response to levodopa. The autosomal dominant HPD/DRD is caused by mutations in the gene coding GTP cyclohydrolase I (GCH I), the enzyme that catalyzes the first(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The advances in the diagnosis and treatment of acute stroke increase the importance of providing these patients with timely medical attention. This study was designed to assess time delays in neurological evaluation and neuroimaging and to determine whether they are important obstacles to performing thrombolytic therapy. METHODS(More)
Thrombocytopenia is a major adverse effect of several drug treatments. Rifampicin has been recognized as a cause of immune thrombocytopenia. A 68-year-old woman diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis was taking the standard four-drug antituberculosis regimen for 4 months. She presented with decreased responsiveness and headache. Brain MRI revealed subdural(More)
Current data concerning the association between family history and the risk for developing stroke have been controversial. There has been very little data on the influence of family history on intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS), stroke severity, and recovery, especially among Asian populations. We evaluated the association between family history and the(More)
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary cerebral microangiopathy linked to mutations in the Notch3 gene. The cerebral impairments of CADASIL are well-known, but peripheral nervous impairments such as polyneuropathy are less clear. Recently, peripheral neuropathy was proposed as one(More)