Ji-chun Zhang

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Rationale: The mesolimbic dopamine system has been implicated in the reinforcing effects of nicotine, a drug which appears to act at least in part through the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Other neuronal elements in the VTA are important in drug reward. In particular, mu opioid receptors in the VTA have been shown to influence cocaine reinforcement.(More)
We examined the effects of nicotine perfusion into the ventral tegmental area (VTA) on extracellular dopamine (DA) levels in rats using in vivo microdialysis. Local perfusion with nicotine for 80 min (10–100 μM) modestly increased (∼105–131% of basal) the extracellular DA levels in the VTA of rats that had been pretreated with saline for 5 days. In animals(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist ketamine is one of the most attractive antidepressants for treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (MDD). Ketamine (or RS (±)-ketamine) is a racemic mixture containing equal parts of R (-)-ketamine and S (+)-ketamine. In this study, we examined the effects of R- and S-ketamine on depression-like(More)
BACKGROUND Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor, tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB), signaling represent potential therapeutic targets for major depressive disorder. The purpose of this study is to examine whether TrkB ligands show antidepressant effects in an inflammation-induced model of depression. METHODS In this study, we(More)
Postnatal dexamethasone (DEX) therapy has been used to treat or prevent chronic lung disease after premature births. However, there are many reports of long-term negative neurodevelopmental sequelae following this treatment. In contrast, hydrocortisone (HYD), which has fewer neurodevelopment adverse effects, is used as an alternative for DEX. In this study,(More)
Background Similar to the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist ketamine, the metabotropic glutamate 2/3 receptor antagonist, MGS0039, shows antidepressant effects. However, there are no reports comparing these 2 compounds in the social defeat stress model of depression. Methods We examined the effects of MGS0039 (1 mg/kg) and ketamine (10 mg/kg) on(More)
Depression is a severe and chronic psychiatric disease, affecting 350 million subjects worldwide. Although multiple antidepressants have been used in the treatment of depressive symptoms, their beneficial effects are limited. The soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) plays a key role in the inflammation that is involved in depression. Thus, we examined here the(More)
OBJECTIVE Accumulating evidence suggests that inflammation plays a role in the pathophysiology of major depression. The adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) plays a crucial role in microglial activation caused by inflammation. The dye brilliant blue G (BBG) is a P2X7R antagonist. This study examined whether BBG shows antidepressant(More)
Addition of low doses of atypical antipsychotic drugs with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) could promote a rapid antidepressant effect in treatment-resistant patients with major depression. Brexpiprazole, a new atypical antipsychotic drug, has been used as adjunctive therapy for the treatment of major depression. The present study was(More)
It is widely recognized that methamphetamine (METH) induces behavioral abnormalities and dopaminergic neurotoxicity in the brain. Several lines of evidence suggest a role for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its specific receptor, tropomyosin-related kinase (TrkB), in METH-induced behavioral abnormalities. In this study, we examined whether(More)