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PURPOSE Nosocomial transmission of viral hepatitis and retrovirus infection has been reported. The expected risk is greatest for the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The duck HBV (DHBV) has similar biologic and structural characteristics to HBV and has been adopted as a suitable model for disinfectant testing. METHODS Angioscopic examination of the external(More)
Nosocomial transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV), associated with interventional procedures, has been attributed to its survival on improperly decontaminated instruments. To date, guidelines for chemical disinfection of potentially contaminated heat-sensitive instruments have been based largely on extrapolation of data from in-vitro disinfectant testing.(More)
OBJECTIVES 1. Establish the prevalence of markers for hepatitis B (HBV), C (HCV) and G (HGV) in a sample of male and female inmates. 2. Examine exposure to multiple viruses. 3. Compare risk factors for HGV infection with known risk factors for HBV and HCV. DESIGN Cross-sectional random sample stratified by sex, age and Aboriginality. Inmates were screened(More)
Hospital-acquired infection attributed to inadequate decontamination of gastrointestinal endoscopes prompted an in use evaluation of recommended procedures. Specimens were obtained from the internal channels of 123 endoscopes before, during and after decontamination by flushing with saline and brushing with a sterile brush, and examined for vegetative(More)
Human hepatitis B virus (HBV) is an important cause of nosocomial infections and can be transmitted by contaminated instruments. However, tests of the efficacy of sterilization of materials and equipment contaminated by HBV are difficult to perform because the virus cannot be cultured in the laboratory. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the capability of(More)
This study investigated the effects of altered CXCL12/CXCR4 axis on the bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2)/Smad/runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2)/Osterix (Osx) signal axis and osteogenic gene expression during osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), to gain understanding of the link between migration and osteogenic(More)
UNLABELLED An HCV outbreak occurred in 2012 in China, affecting hundreds of patients. We characterized HCV subtype 2a and 6a sequences from 60 and 102 patients, respectively, and co-analyzed them with 82 local controls and 103 calibrating references. The close grouping of the patients׳ sequences contrasted sharply with the diversity of local controls.(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the method and effects of multi-stage manipulative reduction and homemade splint fixation in the treatment of tibia shaft fractures. METHODS Twenty-two patients (16 male and 6 female) were involved the retrospective study. The average age was 33 years (from 6 to 54 years). Single tibia shaft fracture was in 15 cases and tibiofibular(More)
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