Learn More
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS Urinary nerve-growth-factor (NGF) level reflected the severity of urgency in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and pain in patients with Bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of biomarkers, nerve growth factor (NGF), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)(More)
AIMS To evaluate the correlation between symptom severity of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) and autonomic nervous system activity, we examined autonomic responses during bladder hydrodistention. METHODS Medical records were collected from a prospective database for patients who underwent bladder hydrodistention with a fixed protocol(More)
  • 1