Learn More
To identify new genes that are important in fat metabolism, we utilized the Lexicon-Genentech knockout database of genes encoding transmembrane and secreted factors and whole murine genome transcriptional profiling data that we generated for 3T3-L1 in vitro adipogenesis. Cross-referencing null models evidencing metabolic phenotypes with genes induced in(More)
The minimal adipose phenotype of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL)-null mice suggested that other hormonally responsive lipase(s) were present in adipocytes. Recent studies have characterized a new adipose tissue triglyceride lipase, ATGL/PNPLA2/destnutrin/iPLA2zeta/TTS2.2 (ATGL). We had previously cloned a novel adipose-enriched transcript by differential(More)
Insulin-induced PI3K/Akt activation is known to inhibit a family of Forkhead transcription factors (FOXO), which can lead to increased oxidative stress in several model organisms. One of major transcription factors activated by oxidative stress and responsible for the production of many proinflammatory cytokines is NF-κB. In the present study, We were(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the pathogenesis of many human degenerative diseases such as cancer, aging, arteriosclerosis, and rheumatism. Much attention has been focused on the development of safe and effective antioxidants. To discover sources of antioxidative activity in marine algae, extracts from 17 kinds of seaweed were(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD Spontaneously constructed from block copolymers in aqueous media, the polymer micelle has been extensively studied as a potential carrier of poorly water-soluble drugs, but cellular uptake pathways and stability of micelles in blood have not yet been clearly understood. An in-depth insight into the physical and biological behaviors(More)
BACKGROUND The adiponectin gene is known to modulate adiponectin concentrations and diabetes mellitus development. OBJECTIVE We assessed whether adiponectin gene variants contribute to circulating adiponectin, insulin resistance (IR), or cardiovascular disease risk factors. DESIGN Nondiabetic subjects [n = 902; x +/- SE age: 42.5 +/- 0.53 y; body mass(More)
BACKGROUND Concentrations of adiponectin, the protein product of the adipocyte C1q and collagen-domain-containing (ADIPOQ) gene are associated with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease. We investigate the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ADIPOQ gene with adiponectin concentrations, and to parameters of metabolic syndrome.(More)
UNLABELLED Parkinson disease (PD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and multiple-system atrophy (MSA) are known to affect dopaminergic neurons of the brain stem and striatum with different preferential involvement. Here we investigated differences in striatal subregional dopamine transporter loss in PD, PSP, and MSA and assessed the diagnostic value of(More)
Obesity is currently epidemic in many countries worldwide and is strongly related to diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This study investigated the differences in metabolomic profiling between overweight/obese and normal-weight men. Overweight/obese (n=30) and age-matched, normal-weight men (n=30) were included. Anthropometric parameters, conventional(More)
Metabolic engineering of Escherichia coli was performed to construct a 100% rationally engineered strain capable of overproducing L-isoleucine, an important branched-chain amino acid. The thrABC (encoding L-threonine biosynthetic enzymes), ilvA (encoding feedback-resistant threonine dehydratase), ilvIH (encoding feedback-resistant acetohydroxy acid synthase(More)