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IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD Spontaneously constructed from block copolymers in aqueous media, the polymer micelle has been extensively studied as a potential carrier of poorly water-soluble drugs, but cellular uptake pathways and stability of micelles in blood have not yet been clearly understood. An in-depth insight into the physical and biological behaviors(More)
The detection of thyroid nodules has become more common with the widespread use of ultrasonography (US). US is the mainstay for detecting and making the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules as well as for providing guidance for a biopsy. The Task Force on Thyroid Nodules of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology has developed recommendations for the(More)
We developed a method for the efficient generation of functional dopaminergic (DA) neurons from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) on a large scale. The most unique feature of this method is the generation of homogeneous spherical neural masses (SNMs) from the hESC-derived neural precursors. These SNMs provide several advantages: (i) they can be passaged(More)
To identify new genes that are important in fat metabolism, we utilized the Lexicon-Genentech knockout database of genes encoding transmembrane and secreted factors and whole murine genome transcriptional profiling data that we generated for 3T3-L1 in vitro adipogenesis. Cross-referencing null models evidencing metabolic phenotypes with genes induced in(More)
Interferon (IFN) consensus sequence-binding protein/IFN regulatory factor 8 (IRF8) is a transcription factor that regulates the differentiation and function of macrophages, granulocytes, and dendritic cells through activation or repression of target genes. Although IRF8 is also expressed in lymphocytes, its roles in B cell and T cell maturation or function(More)
OBJECTIVE Intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) is a major cause of ischemic stroke; however it is rather neglected. Vessel wall visualization by high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI) might provide more accurate information. METHODS A total of 219 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke underwent MRI, MRA and proton-density weighted(More)
Dynamic nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of class IIa histone deacetylases (HDACs) is a fundamental mechanism regulating gene transcription. Recent studies have identified several protein kinases that phosphorylate HDAC5, leading to its exportation from the nucleus. However, the negative regulatory mechanisms for HDAC5 nuclear exclusion remain largely unknown.(More)
PURPOSE To describe the computed tomographic (CT) findings of ectopic pancreas and to identify the features that differentiate it from other similarly manifesting gastric submucosal tumors such as gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and leiomyoma, which are the most common gastrointestinal submucosal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND Although endoscopic stent placement is now generally accepted as a palliative method of treatment in unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma, exclusively endoscopic placement of bilateral metal stents has been considered very difficult and complex. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the technical and clinical efficacy of endoscopic placement of dual, newly(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic tumors of the pancreas are frequently detected and encompass a wide pathologic spectrum, ranging from benign to malignant. A substantial proportion of cystic tumors cannot be histologically classified, even after extensive diagnostic evaluation, and, therefore, ultimately require surgical resection. Recently, complete resolution of cystic(More)