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The effects of low root temperature on growth and root cell water transport were compared between wild-type Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and plants overexpressing plasma membrane intrinsic protein 1;4 (PIP1;4) and PIP2;5. Descending root temperature from 25°C to 10°C quickly reduced cell hydraulic conductivity (L(p)) in wild-type plants but did not(More)
Early postoperative enteral feeding has been demonstrated to improve the outcome of patients who underwent surgery for gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies, trauma, perforation, and/or obstruction. Thus, this study was conducted to assess the efficacy of early postoperative enteral nutrition (EN) after emergency surgery in patients with GI perforation or(More)
BACKGROUND The mortality rate of patients with hemodynamic instability due to severe pelvic fracture is reported to be 40-60% despite a multidisciplinary treatment approach. Angioembolization and external fixation of the pelvis are the main procedures used to control bleeding in these patients. Several studies have shown that preperitoneal pelvic packing(More)
Cytoplasmic delivery of a monoclonal antibody (mAb) with nucleic acid-hydrolyzing activity (3D8 scFv) using poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGA NPs) was investigated for persistent anti-viral effect. 3D8 scFv-loaded PLGA (3D8–PLGA) NPs were prepared via a double emulsion method that was previously optimized. Flow cytometry and confocal(More)
We report a case of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) for a symptomatic left seminal vesicular cyst and ipsilateral renal agenesis. A 49-year-old man presented with a 1-year history of severe irritation upon voiding and intractable, recurrent hematospermia. A computed tomography scan showed a 68×41×38 mm sized left seminal vesicular cyst with(More)
PURPOSE This study was undertaken to assess the feasibility of early feeding in patients that have undergone emergency gastrointestinal (GI) surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed 84 patients that underwent emergency bowel resection and/or anastomosis from March 2008 to December 2011. Patients with severe shock, intestinal(More)
BACKGROUND In children with acute appendicitis, 30% to 75% present with a complication, such as perforation, and the early diagnosis of complications is known to improve outcomes. Serum delta neutrophil index (DNI) and myeloperoxidase index (MPXI) are new inflammatory markers, and thus, in the present study, the authors evaluated the predictive values of(More)
PURPOSE Since the 1990's, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been used to treat soft tissue defects, burn wounds, and to achieve skin graft fixation. In the field of abdominal surgery, the application of NPWT is increasing in cases with an open abdominal wound requiring temporary wound closure and a second look operation. In the present study, the(More)
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with erythroid aplasia is a very rare disorder that has not been clearly defined. We experienced a case of pure red cell aplasia (PRCA), which evolved to MDS with erythroid aplasia. A 59-year-old male with transfusion-dependent PRCA was referred to our hospital for an evaluation of newly developed thrombocytopenia. Two years(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical patients who require an emergent operation commonly have severe sepsis or septic shock, followed by high morbidity and mortality rates.Despite advances in treatment however, no predictable markers are available. In severe sepsis, many pathophysiologic mechanisms are involved in progression to organ failure, and oxygen free radical and(More)