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To elucidate the roles of enteric bacteria and immunological interactions among liver, spleen and intestine in the pathogenesis of liver injury during obstructive jaundice, we studied the effects of antibiotics and splenectomy on bile-duct-ligated C57BL mice. When animals were subjected to bile-duct-ligation (BDL), plasma levels of bilirubin, alanine(More)
Apoptosis is an essential property of all higher organisms that involves extremely complex signaling pathways. Mathematical modeling provides a rigorous integrative approach for analyzing and understanding such intricate biological systems. Here, we constructed a large-scale, literature-based model of apoptosis pathways responding to an external stimulus,(More)
We previously reported that the plasma level of endotoxin and colonic expression of IgA in the mouse increased with obstructive jaundice induced by bile duct ligation (BDL). To elucidate the mechanism of the BDL-induced increase, we analyzed the effect of BDL on intestinal flora in wild type and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-deficient mice(More)
We previously reported that the plasma level of endotoxin and colonic expression of IgA in the mouse increased with obstructive jaundice induced by bile duct ligation (BDL). To elucidate the mechanism of the BDL-induced increase, we analyzed the effect of BDL on intestinal flora in wild type and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-deficient mice (iNOS(More)