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In order to develop a new skin whitening agent, safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seeds were evaluated for melanogenesis inhibitory activity and its active principles were identified following activity-guided isolation. The 80% aqueous methanol extract and ethyl acetate fraction from safflower seeds showed a significant inhibition for mushroom tyrosinase.(More)
Autophagy is a dynamic cellular pathway involved in the turnover of proteins, protein complexes, and organelles through lysosomal degradation. The integrity of postmitotic neurons is heavily dependent on high basal autophagy compared to non-neuronal cells as misfolded proteins and damaged organelles cannot be diluted through cell division. Moreover, neurons(More)
PURPOSE Anti-rheumatic agents target common molecular pathways of inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative effect of anti-rheumatic agents on the levels of inflammatory biomarkers and periodontal inflammation in RA patients with periodontitis. METHODS A systematic review and(More)
The role of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection in the development of cervical carcinoma is well established, however, the prevalence of HPV DNA in cervical adenocarcinoma varies from study to study. It appears to be caused by a number of factors, one of which is that cervical adenocarcinomas comprise a heterogeneous group of multiple subtypes. To clarify(More)
As a part of an ongoing search for bioactive constituents from Korean medicinal plants, the phytochemical investigations of the twigs of Salix glandulosa afforded 12 new phenolic glycosides (1-12) and a known analogue (13). The structures of 1-13 were characterized by a combination of NMR methods ((1)H and (13)C NMR, (1)H-(1)H COSY, HMQC, and HMBC),(More)
Enterococcus faecalis is one of the most common opportunistic pathogens responsible for nosocomial infections, and its LTA is known as an important virulence factor causing inflammatory responses. As chemokines play a key role in inflammatory diseases by triggering leukocyte infiltration into the infection site, we purified EfLTA and investigated its effect(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY In order to elucidate immunoregulatory mechanisms of Cordyceps militaris, a methanol extract of Cordyceps militaris grown on germinated soybeans was prepared and its immunoregulatory effect in the human lung epithelial cells was investigated by examining its ability to induce IL-8 expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cordyceps militaris(More)
The nature of mitochondrial dysfunction in dopaminergic neurons in familial Parkinson's disease (PD) is unknown. We characterized the pathophenotypes of dopaminergic neuronal cells that were deficient in PINK1 or DJ-1, genes with mutations linked to familial PD. Both PINK1- and DJ-1-deficient dopaminergic neurons had the increased production of ROS, severe(More)
Enterococcus faecalis, a pathogenic gram-positive bacterium, is closely related to refractory apical periodontitis. Because lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is considered a major virulence factor of gram-positive bacteria, in the present study, highly pure LTA from E. faecalis was prepared, and its ability to stimulate murine macrophages was investigated in(More)
This study aimed to clarify whether homocysteine has independent association, not mediated by cerebral beta amyloid protein deposition and vascular burden, with whole brain or hippocampal volume in elderly individuals with normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease. Nineteen mild cognitive impairment and 24 Alzheimer's disease(More)