Ji Young Cha

Learn More
The liver X receptors, LXRalpha (NR1H3) and LXRbeta (NR1H2), are ligand-activated transcription factors that belong to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. LXRs play a critical role in cholesterol homeostasis and bile acid metabolism. In addition, oral administration of LXR agonists to mice results in elevated hepatic fatty acid synthesis and steatosis(More)
We present the first Korean individual genome sequence (SJK) and analysis results. The diploid genome of a Korean male was sequenced to 28.95-fold redundancy using the Illumina paired-end sequencing method. SJK covered 99.9% of the NCBI human reference genome. We identified 420,083 novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are not in the dbSNP(More)
The carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP), a basic helix-loop-helix/leucine zipper transcription factor, plays a critical role in the control of lipogenesis in the liver. To identify the direct targets of ChREBP on a genome-wide scale and provide more insight into the mechanism by which ChREBP regulates glucose-responsive gene expression,(More)
Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) induces xenobiotic, bilirubin, and thyroid hormone metabolism as a heterodimer with the retinoid X receptor (RXR). Unlike ligand-dependent nuclear receptors, CAR is constitutively active. Here, we report the heterodimeric structure of the CAR and RXR ligand binding domains (LBDs), which reveals an unusually large(More)
Liver glucokinase (LGK) plays an essential role in controlling blood glucose levels and maintaining cellular metabolic functions. Expression of LGK is induced mainly regulated by insulin through sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) as a mediator. Since LGK expression is known to be decreased in the liver of liver X receptor (LXR) knockout(More)
Angiopoietin-like protein 3 and 4 (Angptl3 and Angptl4) are two members of the angiopoietin-like family of proteins. These two closely related proteins have been reported to similarly affect lipid metabolism through their capacity to inhibit lipoprotein lipase. We undertook a series of studies to compare the structure, function, and regulation of Angptl3(More)
In most bacteria, Fur (ferric uptake regulator) is a crucial global regulator known to operate not only in the regulation of iron homeostasis but also in a variety of other cellular processes. In an effort to characterize the role of Fur in the virulence of plant pathogens, a fur homolog was isolated from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci 11528. Phenotype(More)
Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have well-documented protective effects against obesity-induced insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis. Here, we investigated the effects of endogenous n-3 PUFAs on diet-induced fatty liver disease using fat-1 transgenic mice (fat-1) capable of converting n-6 to n-3 PUFAs. Wild-type (WT) and fat-1 mice(More)
Thiazolidinediones, synthetic ligands of peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma), improve peripheral insulin sensitivity and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells. To explore the role of PPAR-gamma in glucose sensing of beta-cells, we have dissected the beta-cell-specific glucokinase (betaGK) promoter, which(More)
Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci causes wildfire disease in tobacco plants. The hrp pathogenicity island (hrp PAI) of P. syringae pv. tabaci encodes a type III secretion system (TTSS) and its regulatory system, which are required for pathogenesis in plants. Three important regulatory proteins-HrpR, HrpS, and HrpL-have been identified to activate hrp PAI gene(More)