Ji Wook Moon

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Coenzyme Q10(CoQ10) is a known anti-adipogenic factor. However, the mechanism by which CoQ10 acts is unclear. In this study, we found that CoQ10 increased the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in 3T3-L1preadipocytes. CoQ10 induced an increase in cytoplasmic calcium concentrations, which is reflected by increased Fluo-3 intensity under(More)
Insulin resistance is the primary cause responsible for type 2 diabetes. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) plays a negative role in insulin signaling and its inhibition improves insulin sensitivity. Metformin is a widely used insulin-sensitizing drug; however, the mechanism by which metformin acts is poorly understood. To gain insight into the role of(More)
The gene MT3-MMP (also known as MMP16) encodes the membrane type 3 matrix metalloproteinase, which is a member of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) gene family. Several MMPs are associated with migration in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the methylation status of the MT3-MMP promoter in CRC has not been reported. The methylation status and expression(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) arises as a consequence of genetic events such as gene mutation and epigenetic alteration. The aim of this study was to identify new hypermethylated candidate genes and methylation-based therapeutic targets using vincristine in CRC. METHODS We analyzed the methylation status of 27,578 CpG sites spanning more than 14,000(More)
Metformin is a leading oral anti-diabetes mellitus medication and is known to stimulate GLUT4 translocation. However, the mechanism by which metformin acts is still largely unknown. Here, we showed that short time treatment with metformin rapidly increased phosphorylation of Cbl in an AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-dependent fashion in 3T3-L1(More)
Rhus verniciflua STOKES (RVS) is used as an anti-cancer agent in traditional herbal medicine. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of its action is poorly understood. Here, we elucidated the mechanism of the anti-cancer mechanism of RVS in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. We found that RVS increased the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase(More)
[6]-Gingerol has been used to control diabetes and dyslipidemia; however, its metabolic role is poorly understood. In this study, [6]-gingerol increased adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation in mouse skeletal muscle C2C12 cells. Stimulation of glucose uptake by [6]-gingerol was dependent on AMPKα2. Moreover, both(More)
It is known that the activity of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPKα2) was depressed under high glucose conditions. However, whether protein expression of AMPKα2 is also down-regulated or not remains unclear. In this study, we showed that the expression of AMPKα2 was down-regulated in cells cultured under high glucose conditions. Treatment of proteasome(More)
Celastrol, an anti-oxidant flavonoid that is widely distributed in the plant kingdom, has been suggested to have chemopreventive effects on cancer cells: however, the mechanism of this process is not completely understood. In this study, we found that celastrol suppressed the viability of breast cancer MCF-7 cells in an AMP-activated protein kinase(More)
The hypermethylation of Alcohol dehydrogenase iron containing 1 (ADHFE1) was recently reported to be associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) differentiation. However, the effect of alcohol on ADHFE1 hypermethylation in CRC is still unclear. The methylation status and expression levels of ADHFE1 were investigated in primary tumor tissues and adjacent normal(More)