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Ultrafine particle deposition studies in the human nasal cavity regions often omit the paranasal sinus regions. Because of the highly diffusive nature of nanoparticles, it is conjectured that deposition by diffusion may occur in the paranasal sinuses, which may affect the residual deposition fraction that leaves the nasal cavity. Two identical CFD models of(More)
This study investigated fluid and structural responses to pulsatile non-Newtonian blood flow through a stenosed artery, using ANSYS. The artery was modeled as an axis-symmetric stenosed vessel. The wall of the vessel was set to be isotropic and elastic. The blood behavior was described by the Power Law and Carreau non-Newtonian models, respectively. When(More)
Knowledge regarding particle deposition processes in the nasal cavity is important in aerosol therapy and inhalation toxicology applications. This paper presents a comparative study of the deposition of micron and submicron particles under different steady laminar flow rates using a Lagrangian approach. A computational model of a nasal cavity geometry was(More)
Detailed deposition patterns of inhaled wood dust in an anatomically accurate nasal cavity were investigated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques. Three wood dusts, pine dust, heavy oak dust, and light oak dust, with a particle size distribution generated by machining (Chung et al., 2000), were simulated at an inhalation flow rate of 10(More)
SUMMARY: An innovative numerical-substructure-based framework for the synthesis of substructured dynamics, substructurability, and exact synchronisation controllers using state-space techniques is presented in this paper. The proposed linear substructuring controllers require no a priori information of the specimen dynamics, and are suitable for nonlinear(More)
Velocity profiles, local deposition efficiencies (DE), and deposition patterns of aerosol particles in the first three generations (i.e., double bifurcations) of an airway model have been simulated numerically, in which the airway model was constructed from computed tomography (CT) scan data of real human tracheobronchial airways. Three steady inhalation(More)
The inhalation exposure to airborne particles is investigated using a newly developed computational model that integrates the human respiratory airway with a human mannequin and at an enclosed room environment. Three free-stream air flow velocities (0.05, 0.20, and 0.35 m s⁻¹) that are in the range of occupational environments are used. Particles are(More)
A novel method using multi-dictionary and pattern blocks is proposed for code compression to effectively reduce the memory size which program code stored. According to the repeat times of different pattern blocks and non-block codes, the code set is clustered into several clusters. Pattern blocks cluster is compressed using dictionary-based compression(More)
Indoor airflow pattern is strongly influenced by turbulent shear and turbulent normal stresses that are responsible for entrainment effects and turbulence-driven secondary motion. Therefore, an accurate prediction of room airflows requires reliable modeling of these turbulent quantities. The most widely used turbulence models include RANS-based models that(More)