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BACKGROUND Accurate assessment of treatment efficacy would facilitate clinical trials of new antituberculosis drugs. We hypothesized that early alterations in peripheral immunity could be measured by gene expression profiling in tuberculosis patients undergoing successful conventional combination treatment. METHODS Ex vivo blood samples from 27 pulmonary(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The genetic determinants for developing TB or having recurrent TB are unknown. The present study investigated the relationship between susceptibility to tuberculosis and human tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-10 genes (IL-10). METHODS A case-control study was conducted using two groups of cases--newly(More)
Clonorchis sinensis is a Chinese liver fluke that chronically resides in the biliary tract. The fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) is known to play an important role in the intracellular transport of long-chain fatty acids that are obtained by the fluke from the host. Although FABP has stimulated considerable interest as a vaccine target candidate, the(More)
Although the 38-kDa glycolipoprotein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv is known to evoke prominent cellular and humoral immune responses in human tuberculosis (TB), little information is known about intracellular regulatory mechanisms involved in 38-kDa antigen (Ag)-induced host responses. In this study, we found that purified 38-kDa glycolipoprotein(More)
Identification and characterization of serologically active mycobacterial antigens are prerequisites for the development of diagnostic reagents. We examined the humoral immune responses of active tuberculosis (TB) patients against Triton-soluble proteins extracted from Mycobacterium tuberculosis by immunoblotting. A 29-kDa protein reacted with(More)
The role of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in the secretion of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-10, IL-8, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) was investigated in human monocytes that were infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. Analysis of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) and p38 kinase(More)
The role of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in the secretion of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-10, IL-8, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) was investigated in human monocytes that were infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. Analysis of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) and p38(More)
The cell wall skeleton of Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG/CWS) is an effective antitumor immunotherapy agent. Here, we demonstrate that BCG/CWS has a radiosensitizing effect on colon cancer cells through the induction of autophagic cell death. Exposure of HCT116 colon cancer cells to BCG/CWS before ionizing radiation (IR) resulted in(More)
This study characterized the upstream signalling molecules involved in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 activation and determined their effects on differential tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha expression by monocytes/macrophages infected with virulent or avirulent mycobacteria. The avirulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strain H37Ra(More)
The house dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronissinus) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases, including atopic dermatitis, and asthma. Monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1/CCL2)/IL-6/IL-8 (CXCL8) plays a pivotal role in mediating the infiltration of various cells into the skin of atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. The aim of this(More)