Learn More
Cancer patients spontaneously generate autoantibodies (AAb) to tumor-derived proteins. To detect AAb, we have probed novel high-density custom protein microarrays (NAPPA) expressing 4988 candidate tumor antigens with sera from patients with early stage breast cancer (IBC), and bound IgG was measured. We used a three-phase serial screening approach. First, a(More)
Cancer serum protein profiling by mass spectrometry has uncovered mass profiles that are potentially diagnostic for several common types of cancer. However, direct mass spectrometric profiling has a limited dynamic range and difficulties in providing the identification of the distinctive proteins. We hypothesized that distinctive profiles may result from(More)
We have implemented a strategy to identify tumor antigens that induce a humoral immune response in lung cancer based on the analysis of tumor cell proteins. Chromatographically fractionated protein extracts from three lung cancer cell lines were subjected to Western blotting and hybridization with individual sera to determine serum antibody binding. Two(More)
PURPOSE We have implemented a high throughput platform for quantitative analysis of serum autoantibodies, which we have applied to lung cancer for discovery of novel antigens and for validation in prediagnostic sera of autoantibodies to antigens previously defined based on analysis of sera collected at the time of diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Proteins(More)
Actinomyces strain A01 was isolated from soil of a vegetable field in the suburb of Beijing, China. According to the morphological, cultural, physiological and biochemical characteristics, and 16S rDNA sequence analysis, strain A01 was identified as Streptomyces lydicus. In the antimicrobial spectrum test strain A01 presented a stable and strong inhibitory(More)
The detection of autoantibodies to tumor antigens has potential utility for the early diagnosis of cancers. In previous studies, we have identified tumor antigens based on Western blot analysis of tumor cell lysates that were incubated with subject sera to identify proteins that elicit specific reactivity in sera from patients with the corresponding tumor(More)
This review examines the biomarker development process by using rheumatic disorders as the disease model for discussion. We evaluate the current role of biomarkers in the practice of rheumatology and discuss their likely role in the future. We define the essential components of the biomarker development pipeline and discuss the issue of fitness for purpose,(More)
The broad characterization of the immune responses elicited by tumors has valuable applications in diagnostics and basic research. We present here the use of microarrays of tumor-derived proteins to profile the antibody repertoire in the sera of prostate cancer patients and controls. Two-dimensional liquid chromatography was used to separate proteins from(More)
PURPOSE In vitro transcription/translation (IVTT) systems are widely used in proteomics. For clinical applications, mammalian systems are preferred for protein folding and activity; however, the level of protein obtained is low. A new system extracted from human cells (1-Step Human Coupled IVT (HCIVT)) has the potential to overcome this problem and deliver(More)
PURPOSE We aim to develop a protein microarray platform capable of presenting both natural and denatured forms of proteins for antibody biomarker discovery. We will further optimize plasma screening protocols to improve detection. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We developed a new covalent capture protein microarray chemistry using HaloTag fusion proteins and ligand.(More)