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Fibrosis is induced by the excessive and abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) with various growth factors in tissues. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), plays a role in inducing apoptosis, modulates fibrosis, and ECM accumulation. Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) plays an important role in the development hepatic fibrosis. The(More)
Acute hepatic failure remains an extremely poor prognosis and still results in high mortality. Therefore, better treatment is urgently needed. Melittin, a major component of bee venom, is known to inhibit inflammatory reactions induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in various cell types. However, there is no evidence of the(More)
In this letter, a novel time-domain recursive algorithm is proposed for a minimum-mean-squared error (MMSE) with successive interference cancellation (SIC) scheme. This algorithm allows us to reduce the complexity of classical MMSE-SIC equalizer for suppressing intercarrier interference (ICI) caused by time-varying multipath channels in orthogonal frequency(More)
An infectious burden has been suggested to be associated with atherosclerosis in humans, based on the shared and underlying inflammatory responses during infection and atherosclerosis. However, the efficacy of anti-atherogenic drugs is yet to be tested against atherosclerosis in a scenario involving an infectious burden. We have examined alpha-lipoic acid(More)
The pathophysiology of chronic renal disease is characterized by a progressive loss of renal function and deposition of the extracellular matrix, leading to widespread tissue fibrosis. Much of the matrix in chronic renal disease is synthesized by interstitial myofibroblasts, recruited from resident fibroblasts and circulating precursors. These changes are(More)
Pygmy waterlily (Nymphaea tetragona, Nymphaeaceae) is a perennial aquatic herb with floating leaves and beautiful flowers. Leaf spot on pygmy waterlilies appeared in 2009 at several locations in Korea, e.g., Suwon in 2009, Yangpyeong in 2011, and Seoul in 2014. The leaf spots were circular to irregular, small, and brown in the center with a dark brown(More)
Apamin, a peptide component of bee venom (BV), has anti-inflammatory properties. However, the molecular mechanisms by which apamin prevents atherosclerosis are not fully understood. We examined the effect of apamin on atherosclerotic mice. Atherosclerotic mice received intraperitoneal (ip) injections of lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 2 mg/kg) to induce(More)
A zygomycete fungus, Choanephora cucurbitarum is a plant pathogen that causes blossom rot in cucurbits and other plants. Here we report the genome sequence of Choanephora cucurbitarum KUS-F28377 isolated from squash. The assembled genome has a size of 29.1 Mbp and 11,977 protein-coding genes. The genome analysis indicated that C. cucurbitarum may employ a(More)