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OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the association among adiposity, insulin resistance, and inflammatory markers [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha] and adiponectin and to study the effects of exercise training on adiposity, insulin resistance, and inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVE Mesenchymal stem cells are useful for vascular regeneration of injured tissues. Macrophages are involved in acute or chronic inflammatory diseases, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), a proinflammatory cytokine, plays a key role in the activation of macrophages within injured tissues. To explore the role of macrophages on mesenchymal stem cell-mediated(More)
In addition to its pivotal role in neuronal survival, PI3K/Akt signaling is integral to neuronal differentiation and neurite outgrowth. However, the exact role of Akt in neuronal differentiation is still controversial. Here, we found that nuclear expression of CA-Akt resulted in unusual rapid neurite outgrowth and overexpression of KD-Akt caused multiple(More)
Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts play a key role in tumorigenesis and metastasis by providing a tumor-supportive microenvironment. In the present study, we demonstrate that conditioned medium from A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells induces differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASCs) to carcinoma-associated fibroblasts(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) stimulates growth and invasion of ovarian cancer cells and tumor angiogenesis. Cancer-derived LPA induces differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASCs) to alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA)-positive cancer-associated fibroblasts. Presently, we explored whether cancer-derived LPA regulates(More)
Inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-inducing transcription factors Twist and Snail prevents tumor metastasis but enhances metastatic growth. Here, we report an unexpected role of a tumor suppressor tristetraprolin (TTP) in inhibiting Twist and Snail without enhancing cellular proliferation. TTP bound to the AU-rich element (ARE) within the(More)
Increased red blood cell distribution width (RDW), which is a marker of anisocytosis, is associated with mortality and cardiovascular events in the general population and in patients with heart failure or coronary heart disease. We investigated whether RDW in acute cerebral infarction is predictive of functional outcome and mortality. A total of 847(More)
Advances in endoscopic instruments and techniques have enabled increased detection and removal of early colorectal cancer (ECC), which is defined as a tumor whose invasion is limited to the mucosa or submucosa. Some cases can be treated by endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). However, local recurrence frequently occurs after an EMR for ECC. The recurrence(More)
Digestive functions are considered to be alterable by the ingestion of fatty diets. This study aimed to investigate the hypothesis that dietary fats may exert site-specific effects on the propulsive functions of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. After male Wistar rats were fed either low-fat diet or high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks, the propulsive function of(More)
Activating somatic mutation of the BRAF V600E has been identified as the most common genetic event in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with a variable frequency (32–87 %) in different series by different methods. The BRAF V600E mutation is associated with various clinicopathological parameters. The mutation is an important factor for the management of the(More)