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Capsaicin (N-vanillyl-8-methyl-alpha-nonenamide), a spicy component of hot pepper, is a homovanillic acid derivative that preferentially induces certain cancer cells to undergo apoptosis and has a putative role in cancer chemoprevention. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma(PPARgamma), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, is a(More)
Inflammation plays a key role in obesity-related pathologies such as cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes, and several types of cancer. Obesity-induced inflammation entails the enhancement of the recruitment of macrophages into adipose tissue and the release of various proinflammatory proteins from fat tissue. Therefore, the modulation of inflammatory(More)
Adipokines are involved in the obesity-induced chronic inflammatory response that plays a crucial role in the development of obesity-related pathologies such as type II diabetes and atherosclerosis. We here demonstrate that capsaicin, a naturally occurring phytochemical, can suppress obesity-induced inflammation by modulating adipokine release from and(More)
Obesity-induced inflammation contributes to the development of obesity-related metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease, and cardiovascular disease. In this study, we investigated whether dietary capsaicin can reduce obesity-induced inflammation and metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance and hepatic(More)
Proinflammatory mediators such as prostaglandins (PGs), nitric oxide (NO), certain inflammatory cytokines and chemokines play a pivotal role in tumor development. The anti-inflammatory properties of naturally occurring phytochemicals are associated with significant reduction in the risk of certain cancers in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, we(More)
In this study, we investigated effects of pine nut oil (PNO) on high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity and metabolic dysfunction in skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue (BAT). Male C57BL/6 mice were fed a HFD with 15% energy from lard and 30% energy from either soybean oil (SBO-HFD) or PNO (PNO-HFD) for 12 weeks. The PNO-HFD resulted in less weight gain(More)
We previously demonstrated that treatment of human androgen-responsive prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP and CWR22-Rv1 with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), a known protein kinase C (PKC) activator, decreases ATM protein levels, thus de-repressing the enzyme ceramide synthase (CS) and promoting apoptosis as well as radio-sensitizing these(More)
Diacylglycerol lactones (DAG-lactones) are known to operate as effective agonists of protein kinase C (PKC), surpassing in potency the activity of natural diacylglycerol (DAG). Localization of activated PKC isozymes in the cell is determined in part by the different cellular scaffolds, the lipid composition of the specific membranes, and the targeting(More)
[structure: see text] Commercially available 2-methylenepropane-1,3-diol was converted to chiral epoxide (R)-2 via Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation in >96% ee. Regiospecific epoxide ring opening and reduction of the intermediate alkyne set the stage for a one-pot lactonization to give (R)-6, a convenient precursor for all functionalized chiral DAG-lactones(More)
The structures of N-hydroxylamides 1a and 1b, previously reported by Lee et al. in J. Med. Chem. 2001, 44, 4309-4312 as strong protein kinase C (PK-C) ligands, were incorrect and correspond instead to esters 2a and 2b, respectively. Here, we report the synthesis and complete characterization of 1a and 1b together with the associated biological activity in(More)