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To evaluate the ability of a novel radiofrequency (RF) microporation technology based on ablation of the skin barrier to enhance topical delivery of active ingredients The influence of RF fluence and the molecular size of the absorbent on the permeation enhancement was confirmed by in vitro skin permeation study using Franz diffusion cells. The improved(More)
Extracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) cleaving activity of a particular cell type determines the rate of the degradation of extracellular NAD with formation of metabolites in the vicinity of the plasma membrane, which has important physiological consequences. It is yet to be elucidated whether intact human neutrophils have any extracellular(More)
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