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To evaluate the efficacy of cyclosporin A (CyA) for treating severe Henoch-Schönlein nephritis (HSN), seven patients with nephrotic syndrome, aged 3.9–13.8 years (mean 6.5 years), were analyzed retrospectively. Mean follow-up times were 5.5 years (range 2–9 years). All underwent renal biopsy before treatment, and follow-up renal biopsy was performed in six(More)
To evaluate the effect of azathioprine with steroids on the clinical course and histologic parameters of severe Henoch-Schönlein nephritis (HSN), 20 patients with a median age of 9.3 years (range 4.4–17 years) and a follow-up period of 4.8 years (range 1–14 years) were included in this study. The patients were divided into two groups. Ten patients received(More)
Cultivated soybean (Glycine max) suffers from a narrow germplasm relative to other crop species, probably because of under-use of wild soybean (Glycine soja) as a breeding resource. Use of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping array is a promising method for dissecting cultivated and wild germplasms to identify important adaptive genes through(More)
To identify factors affecting spontaneous resolution of hematuria in children with nutcracker syndrome, 20 patients diagnosed as having nutcracker syndrome using renal Doppler ultrasound (US) were analyzed retrospectively. Sixteen patients had microscopic hematuria, and four had gross hematuria at presentation. The mean age was 10.6 years (range 2.5–14(More)
To identify the factors affecting histological regression of crescentic Henoch–Schönlein nephritis (HSN), we retrospectively analyzed serially biopsied 20 children with crescentic HSN treated with immunosuppressants. They were classified into two groups according to the histological changes between the first and second biopsy: group I (n=10) with(More)
Sirs, We read with great interest the recent contribution by Watanabe et al. in Pediatric Nephrology [1]. They reported that hyponatremia in Kawasaki disease (KD) is a common finding, which suggests severe inflammation. They suggested that renal salt wasting due to renal involvement might underlie the development of hyponatremia in their patients with KD.(More)
Recent studies on species coexistence suggest that density dependence is an important mechanism regulating plant populations. However, there have been few studies of density dependence conducted for more than one life-history stage or that control for habitat heterogeneity, which may influence spatial patterns of survival and mask density dependence. We(More)
The developmental stage has an influence on the overall responses of plants under biotic or abiotic stress conditions. However, there is a lack of data about the effects of ionizing radiation in plants at different developmental stages. We examined radiation sensitivity of Arabidopsis plants in terms of photosynthetic ability and oxidative stress resistance(More)
In 2009, the first outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) or herpangina (HP) caused by enterovirus 71 occurred in the Republic of Korea. This study inquired into risk factors associated with complications of HFMD or HP. A retrospective medical records review was conducted on HFMD or HP patients for whom etiologic viruses had been verified in 2009.(More)