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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the regulation of NF-kappaB activation, which plays an important role in inflammation and cell survival. However, the molecular mechanisms of ROS in NF-kappaB activation remain poorly defined. We found that the non-provitamin A carotenoid, lutein, decreased intracellular H(2)O(2) accumulation by(More)
Surfactin, one of the most powerful biosurfactants, is a bacterial cyclic lipopeptide. Here, we investigated the anti-neuroinflammatory properties of surfactin in lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells. Surfactin significantly inhibited excessive production of the pro-inflammatory mediators TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, monocyte chemoattractant(More)
Microglial-mediated neuroinflammation and neurotoxicity contribute to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease; therefore, control of microglial activation and subsequent suppression of neurotoxic pro-inflammatory molecules could provide a potential therapeutic approach for the treatment of such diseases. In this study,(More)
Human peroxiredoxin 1 (hPrx1), a member of the peroxiredoxin family, detoxifies peroxide substrates and has been implicated in numerous biological processes, including cell growth, proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and redox signaling. To date, Prx1 has not been implicated in RNA metabolism. Here, we investigated the ability of hPrx1 to bind RNA(More)
To develop a drug delivery system with enhanced efficacy and minimized adverse effects, we synthesized a novel polymeric nanoparticles, (YCC-DOX) composed of poly (ethylene oxide)-trimellitic anhydride chloride-folate (PEO-TMA-FA), doxorubicin (DOX) and superparamagnetic iron oxide (Fe(3)O(4)) and folate. The efficacy of the nanoparticles was evaluated in(More)
A Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and psychrophilic bacterial strain, PAMC 27137T, was isolated from the marine sediment of the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Strain PAMC 27137T was observed to grow at 4–10 °C, at pH 6.5–7.5 and in the presence of 2.5–4.0 % (w/v) sea salts. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effects of the prenylated flavonoid kurarinone on TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis and its underlying mechanism. A low dose of kurarinone had no significant effect on apoptosis, but this compound markedly promoted tumor cell death through elevation of Bid cleavage, cytochrome c(More)
Klotho is a type-1 membrane protein predominantly produced in the kidney, the extracellular domain of which is secreted into the systemic circulation. Membranous and secreted Klotho protect organs, including the kidney, but whether and how Klotho directly protects the glomerular filter is unknown. Here, we report that secreted Klotho suppressed transient(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The roots of Achyranthes japonica Nakai have been used in traditional herbal medicine for the treatment of edema and arthritis in Korea. AIM OF THE STUDY In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism responsible for anti-inflammatory effects of the aqueous extract of A. japonica roots (AJ) in LPS-stimulated(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the frequency and pattern of cognitive impairment (CI) between patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS A total of 82 NMOSD patients, 58 MS patients, and 45 healthy controls (HCs) underwent a neuropsychological assessment. RESULTS CI was observed in 29% of NMOSD and 50% of MS(More)