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OBJECTIVES CYP3A4 receives electrons from P450 oxidoreductase (POR) to metabolize about 50% of clinically used drugs. There is substantial inter-individual variation in CYP3A4 catalytic activity that is not explained by CYP3A4 genetic variants. CYP3A4 is flexible and distensible, permitting it to accommodate substrates varying in shape and size. To(More)
Multidrug and toxin extrusion 1 (MATE1, SLC47A1), an organic cation transporter, plays an important role in the renal and biliary elimination of various clinical drugs, including the anti-diabetic drug metformin. The goal of this study was to identify and characterize novel genetic variants of MATE1. Five variants in the promoter region and two(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to determine the effect of a genetic variant in the organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2), OCT2-808G/T, which results in an amino acid change, A270S, on the pharmacokinetics of the antidiabetic drug, metformin. METHODS The uptake of metformin was performed in stably transfected HEK-293 cells expressing the empty vector(More)
Multidrug and toxin extrusion 2 (MATE2-K (SLC47A2)), a polyspecific organic cation exporter, facilitates the renal elimination of the antidiabetes drug metformin. In this study, we characterized genetic variants of MATE2-K, determined their association with metformin response, and elucidated their impact by means of a comparative protein structure model.(More)
Organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1; SLC22A1) seems to play a role in the efficacy and disposition of the widely used antidiabetic drug metformin. Genetic variants in OCT1 have been identified largely in European populations. Metformin is increasingly being used in Asian populations where the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is on the rise. The goal of(More)
We defined whether resveratrol administration during the acute phase of ischemic stroke reduces brain injury in mice. Infarct volumes were decreased significantly in both sexes with different doses of resveratrol (5mg/kg for males and 1mg/kg for females) administered 3h after ischemic stroke. Administration of resveratrol 6h after insult was also effective(More)
OBJECTIVES Multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2, ABCC2) plays an important role in the biliary clearance of a wide variety of endogenous and exogenous toxic compounds. Therefore, polymorphisms and mutations in the MRP2 gene may affect individual susceptibility to hepatotoxic reactions. METHODS Associations between genetic variations of MRP2 and toxic(More)
P450 oxidoreductase (POR) transports electrons from NADPH to all microsomal cytochrome P450 enzymes, including steroidogenic P450c17, P450c21 and P450aro. Severe POR mutations A287P (in Europeans) and R457H (in Japanese) cause the Antley-Bixler skeletal malformation syndrome (ABS) plus impaired steroidogenesis (causing genital anomalies), but the basis of(More)
Aquaporin 4 (AQP4), the most abundant water channel protein in the brain, is involved in brain edema induced by ischemic insults. To evaluate whether the neuroprotective effects of estrogen are associated with AQP4 expression and edema formation, changes in AQP levels and ischemic edema were examined in the brains of male and female mice subjected to(More)
Aberrant membrane transport caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene is associated with a wide spectrum of respiratory and digestive diseases as well as cystic fibrosis. Using a gene scanning method, we found 11 polymorphisms and mutations of the CFTR gene in the Korean population. Individual variants at(More)