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A two-dimensional honeycomb lattice harbours a pair of inequivalent valleys in the k-space electronic structure, in the vicinities of the vertices of a hexagonal Brillouin zone, K(±). It is particularly appealing to exploit this emergent degree of freedom of charge carriers, in what is termed 'valleytronics'. The physics of valleys mimics that of spin, and(More)
An optoelectronic material with a spatially varying bandgap that is tunable is highly desirable for use in photovoltaics, photocatalysis and photodetection. Elastic strain has the potential to be used to achieve rapid and reversible tuning of the bandgap. However, as a result of plasticity or fracture, conventional materials cannot sustain a high enough(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive loss of motor neurons and death. Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress play an important role in motor neuron loss in ALS. Light therapy (LT) has biomodulatory effects on mitochondria. Riboflavin improves energy(More)
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is back in the spotlight because of the indirect-to-direct bandgap tunability and valley related physics emerging in the monolayer regime. However, rigorous control of the monolayer thickness is still a huge challenge for commonly utilized physical exfoliation and chemical synthesis methods. Herein, we have successfully grown(More)
A way to circumvent the high pressures needed to metallize hydrogen is to "precompress" it in hydrogen-rich molecules, a strategy probed theoretically for silane. We show that phases with tetrahedral SiH4 molecules should undergo phase transitions with sixfold- and eightfold-coordinate Si appearing above 25 GPa. The most stable structure found can be(More)
• Glucosinolates are a major class of secondary metabolites found in the Brassicaceae, whose degradation products are proving to be increasingly important for human health and in crop protection. • The genetic and metabolic basis of glucosinolate accumulation was dissected through analysis of total glucosinolate concentration and its individual components(More)
Phosphorus (P) deficiency in soils is a major limiting factor for crop growth worldwide. Changes in root morphology and architecture represent as an important mechanism of adaptation of plants to low P (LP) stress. To elucidate the genetic control of tolerance to P deficiency in Brassica napus, quantitative trait loci (QTL) for root morphology in response(More)
There is increasing evidence that epigenetic marks such as DNA methylation contribute to phenotypic variation by regulating gene transcription, developmental plasticity, and interactions with the environment. However, relatively little is known about the relationship between the stability and distribution of DNA methylation within chromosomes and the(More)
Diamond-anvil-cell and shock-wave technologies now permit the study of matter under multimegabar pressure (that is, of several hundred GPa). The properties of matter in this pressure regime differ drastically from those known at 1 atm (about 10(5) Pa). Just how different chemistry is at high pressure and what role chemical intuition for bonding and(More)
This letter describes the formation of two-dimensional ͑2D͒ crystals of dipolar particles ͑TN͒ made of electrostatically charged, joined, millimeter-scale Teflon ͑T͒ and nylon-6,6 ͑N͒ spheres, and the separation of these crystals, as a distinct phase, from a mixture of TN and similar, capacitively charged particles that were coated with gold ͑Au 2 ͒. The(More)