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Abnormal neuronal aggregation of alpha-synuclein is implicated in the development of many neurological disorders, including Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Glial cells also show extensive alpha-synuclein pathology and may contribute to disease progression. However, the mechanism that produces the glial alpha-synuclein pathology and the(More)
Abnormal folding and accumulation of alpha-synuclein is implicated in several neurological disorders including Parkinson's disease. Although alpha-synuclein is a typical cytoplasmic protein, a small amount of both monomeric and aggregated forms is secreted from cells and is present in human body fluids, such as cerebrospinal fluid. Extracellular(More)
Abnormal aggregation of α-synuclein and sustained microglial activation are important contributors to the pathogenic processes of Parkinson's disease. However, the relationship between disease-associated protein aggregation and microglia-mediated neuroinflammation remains unknown. Here, using a combination of in silico, in vitro and in vivo approaches, we(More)
Parkinson's disease is characterized by deposition of misfolded/aggregated alpha-synuclein proteins in multiple regions of the brain. Neurons can release alpha-synuclein; through this release, pathological forms of alpha-synuclein are propagated between neurons, and also cause neuroinflammation. In this study, we demonstrate that release of alpha-synuclein(More)
Abnormal deposition of alpha-synuclein in neurons and glia is implicated in many neurological diseases, such as Parkinson's disease and Dementia with Lewy bodies. Recently, evidence has emerged that this protein and its aggregates are secreted from neuronal cells, and this extracellular protein may contribute to the pathogenic process. Here, we show that(More)
Abnormal intracellular deposition of aggregated α-synuclein is the characteristic feature of a number of neurological disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD). Although α-synuclein is typically known as a cytosolic protein, a small amount is secreted by exocytosis in both monomeric and aggregated forms. The extracellular forms of α-synuclein in human(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are characterized by abnormal deposition of α-synuclein aggregates in many regions of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Accumulating evidence suggests that the α-synuclein pathology initiates in a few discrete regions and spreads to larger areas in the nervous system. Recent pathological(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by selective and progressive degeneration of dopamine (DA)-producing neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and by abnormal aggregation of α-synuclein. Previous studies have suggested that DA can interact with α-synuclein, thus modulating the aggregation process of this protein; this interaction may(More)
HRC (histidine-rich Ca2+ binding protein) has been identified from skeletal and cardiac muscle and shown to bind Ca2+ with low affinity and high capacity that is reminiscent of calsequestrin. The physiological role of HRC is largely unknown. In this study, we show that HRC exists as a multimeric complex (probably larger than a pentamer) under physiological(More)
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