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BACKGROUND Despite clinical and neuropsychological similarities between Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), recent studies have demonstrated that structural and pathological changes are more severe in DLB than in PDD. METHODS 19 patients with probable PDD and 18 patients with probable DLB who had a similar overall(More)
Despite clinical and neuropsychological similarities between Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), recent studies have demonstrated that structural and pathological changes are more severe in DLB than in PDD. We used voxel-based morphometry using a 3-T MRI scanner to compare gray and white matter densities in 20 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Visual hallucinations (VH), which are common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), lead to increased disability and are a significant predictor of the development of dementia. However, the neuroanatomical basis for VH in non-demented PD patients remains controversial. METHODS A total of 110 patients with PD were classified into PD with VH(More)
BACKGROUND DNA methylation has emerged as a promising biomarker for prostate cancer detection. In this report, we screened 36 candidate genes generated by a bioinformatic analysis of the human genome, and found that the melanoma cell adhesion molecule (MCAM) was an excellent candidate for cancer-specific methylation in prostate cancer. METHODS Direct(More)
Silver nanoparticles are known to be distributed in many tissues after oral or inhalation exposure. Thus, understanding the tissue clearance of such distributed nanoparticles is very important to understand the behavior of silver nanoparticles in vivo. For risk assessment purposes, easy clearance indicates a lower overall cumulative toxicity. Accordingly,(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested that mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress play a key role in the pathogenesis of multiple system atrophy. METHODS We evaluated the influence of serum uric acid levels on disease progression in 52 patients with multiple system atrophy using changes in the annualized Unified Multiple System Atrophy Rating(More)
TCR signaling leading to thymocyte apoptosis is mediated through the expression of the Nur77 family of orphan nuclear receptors. It has been shown that the Nur77 promoter is activated by at least two signaling pathways, one mediated by calcium and the other by protein kinase C (PKC). MEF2D has been known to regulate Nur77 expression in a calcium- dependent(More)
Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is commonly accompanied in Parkinson disease (PD). However, the underlying mechanism linking RBD to PD remains unclear. We interviewed and examined 447 consecutive patients with PD to investigate factors associated with the presence of RBD in PD patients. Using the minimal diagnostic criteria for parasomnias(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the microorganisms in culture-proven endophthalmitis and their susceptibilities to antimicrobial agents commonly used in South Korea. METHODS Medical records of consecutive patients with culture-proven endophthalmitis at eight institutions between 1 January 2004 and 31 July 31 2010 were reviewed. Four categories of endophthalmitis(More)
The cholinergic system arising from the substantia innominata (SI) of the basal forebrain has an important role in the cognitive functions of Parkinson's disease (PD). We performed magnetic resonance imaging based volumetric analysis to evaluate the SI volume in patients with PD-intact cognition (PD-IC), PD-mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI), and PD(More)