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Gamma-tubulin is required for microtubule (MT) nucleation at MT organizing centers such as centrosomes or spindle pole bodies, but little is known about its noncentrosomal functions. We conditionally downregulated gamma-tubulin by inducible expression of RNA interference (RNAi) constructs in Arabidopsis thaliana. Almost complete RNAi depletion of(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinase signaling cooperates with WNT/β-catenin signaling in regulating many biological processes, but the mechanisms of their interaction remain poorly defined. We describe a potent activation of WNT/β-catenin by FGFR2, FGFR3, EGFR and TRKA kinases, which is independent of the PI3K/AKT pathway. Instead, this phenotype depends on ERK MAP(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) contributes to the control of cell-to-cell communication, cell adhesion, migration or proliferation. In the present study, we investigated the regulation of connexin43 (Cx43) and Cx43-mediated gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) during the AhR-dependent disruption of contact inhibition in non-tumorigenic(More)
The toxic modes of action of non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in liver cells are still only partially understood. Several recent studies have indicated that PCBs may interfere with cell membrane protein functions. Therefore, we analyzed in the present study the effects of di-ortho-substituted 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 153) on(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP-1) has been shown to upregulate expression of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), a member of a family of zinc dependent endopeptidases that is believed to facilitate tumour invasion and metastasis by degradation of the extracellular matrix. AIM To test whether the(More)
The planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway is a conserved pathway that regulates cell migration and polarity in various contexts. Here we show that key PCP pathway components such as Vangl2, Celsr1, Prickle1, FZD3, FZD7, Dvl2, Dvl3, and casein kinase 1 (CK1)-ε are upregulated in B lymphocytes of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Elevated levels(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinase signaling cooperates with WNT/b-catenin signaling in regulating many biological processes, but the mechanisms of their interaction remain poorly defined. We describe a potent activation of WNT/b-catenin by FGFR2, FGFR3, EGFR and TRKA kinases, which is independent of the PI3K/AKT pathway. Instead, this phenotype depends on ERK MAP(More)
β-catenin is a key integrator of cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion and transcriptional regulation through the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, which plays an important role in liver biology. Using a model of contact-inhibited liver progenitor cells, we examined the interactions of Wnt/β-catenin signaling with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a ligand-activated(More)
Homeostasis and development in vertebrates are regulated by cell proliferation, differentiation and death. Permeability of mitochondrial membranes, a decisive feature of apoptosis, is regulated by Bcl-2 family regulators. Protein p53 is able to reduce bcl-2 and promote bax expression. This study focused on the immunohistochemical detection of the expression(More)
The human fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family contains 22 proteins that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in both developing and adult organism. The mutations in the FGF genes were not known to play role in human disease until the year 2000, when mutations in FGF23 were found to cause hypophosphatemic rickets. Nine years later, seven FGFs(More)