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The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) contributes to the control of cell-to-cell communication, cell adhesion, migration or proliferation. In the present study, we investigated the regulation of connexin43 (Cx43) and Cx43-mediated gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) during the AhR-dependent disruption of contact inhibition in non-tumorigenic(More)
The toxic modes of action of non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in liver cells are still only partially understood. Several recent studies have indicated that PCBs may interfere with cell membrane protein functions. Therefore, we analyzed in the present study the effects of di-ortho-substituted 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 153) on(More)
Gamma-tubulin is required for microtubule (MT) nucleation at MT organizing centers such as centrosomes or spindle pole bodies, but little is known about its noncentrosomal functions. We conditionally downregulated gamma-tubulin by inducible expression of RNA interference (RNAi) constructs in Arabidopsis thaliana. Almost complete RNAi depletion of(More)
β-catenin is a key integrator of cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion and transcriptional regulation through the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, which plays an important role in liver biology. Using a model of contact-inhibited liver progenitor cells, we examined the interactions of Wnt/β-catenin signaling with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a ligand-activated(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinase signaling cooperates with WNT/β-catenin signaling in regulating many biological processes, but the mechanisms of their interaction remain poorly defined. We describe a potent activation of WNT/β-catenin by FGFR2, FGFR3, EGFR and TRKA kinases, which is independent of the PI3K/AKT pathway. Instead, this phenotype depends on ERK MAP(More)
Although the tumor-promoting effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and related compounds in liver tissue are primarily attributed to the activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Liver progenitor (oval) cells have been suggested to(More)
The human fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family contains 22 proteins that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in both developing and adult organism. The mutations in the FGF genes were not known to play role in human disease until the year 2000, when mutations in FGF23 were found to cause hypophosphatemic rickets. Nine years later, seven FGFs(More)
In contrast to hepatocytes, there is only limited information about the expression and activities of enzymes participating in metabolic activation of environmental mutagens, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), in liver progenitor cells. In rat liver "stem-like" WB-F344 cell line, sharing many characteristics with rat liver progenitor cells,(More)
Plakoglobin is an important component of intercellular junctions, including both desmosomes and adherens junctions, which is known as a tumor suppressor. Although mutations in the plakoglobin gene (Jup) and/or changes in its protein levels have been observed in various disease states, including cancer progression or cardiovascular defects, the information(More)
In the present study, we investigated the effects of potential endogenous ligand indirubin on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) signalling, with a focus on the AhR-dependent gene expression and cell cycle progression in rat liver progenitor cells, and compared them with the effects of a model toxic AhR ligand, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD).(More)