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Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II; Hunter syndrome) is a rare X-linked recessive disease caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulphatase, leading to progressive accumulation of glycosaminoglycans in nearly all cell types, tissues and organs. Clinical manifestations include severe airway obstruction, skeletal deformities,(More)
Mutations in the gene coding for the catalytic subunit of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase gamma (POLG1) have recently been described in patients with diverse clinical presentations, revealing a complex relationship between genotype and phenotype in patients and their families. POLG1 was sequenced in patients from different European diagnostic and(More)
BACKGROUND Leber's hereditary neuropathy of the optic nerve (LHON) is manifested by bilateral affection of the eyes with acute or subacute loss of vision. The disease is caused by point mutations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and is one of the most frequent mitochondrial diseases in the population. In patients with LHON 18 different point mutations in(More)
Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry was performed in 44 patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) aged 6-29 y. The phenylalanine-restricted diet was based on a low-protein diet in combination with phenylalanine-free amino acid mixtures and phenylalanine-low casein hydrolysate in 32 patients. The 10 oldest patients were supplemented only with casein hydrolysate, and(More)
BACKGROUND Fabry's disease is an X-linked recessive genetic deficiency of the enzyme alpha-galactosidase leading to the pathologic intracellular deposition of neutral glycosphingolipids. Although cardiac involvement is frequent, there is controversy regarding the character of the associated left ventricular (LV) changes and the severity of valvular(More)
The biogenesis of eukaryotic COX (cytochrome c oxidase) requires several accessory proteins in addition to structural subunits and prosthetic groups. We have analysed the assembly state of COX and SCO2 protein levels in various tissues of six patients with mutations in SCO2 and SURF1. SCO2 is a copper-binding protein presumably involved in formation of the(More)
UNLABELLED Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is a rare, life-limiting, X-linked recessive disease characterised by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase. Consequent accumulation of glycosaminoglycans leads to pathological changes in multiple body systems. Age at onset, signs and symptoms, and disease progression are heterogeneous,(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis IIIC (MPS IIIC, or Sanfilippo C syndrome) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by the inherited deficiency of the lysosomal membrane enzyme acetyl-coenzyme A: alpha -glucosaminide N-acetyltransferase (N-acetyltransferase), which leads to impaired degradation of heparan sulfate. We report the narrowing of the candidate region to a(More)
Mammalian CcO (cytochrome c oxidase) is a hetero-oligomeric protein complex composed of 13 structural subunits encoded by both the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. To study the role of nuclear-encoded CcO subunits in the assembly and function of the human complex, we used stable RNA interference of COX4, COX5A and COX6A1, as well as expression of(More)
We carried out whole-genome homozygosity mapping, gene expression analysis and DNA sequencing in individuals with isolated mitochondrial ATP synthase deficiency and identified disease-causing mutations in TMEM70. Complementation of the cell lines of these individuals with wild-type TMEM70 restored biogenesis and metabolic function of the enzyme complex. Our(More)