Jiří Manďák

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AIM Surgical-site infections are very serious complications of cardiac operations. Use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with profound physiological changes, which affects the pharmacokinetic behaviour of prophylactic antibiotics. The aim of this study was to monitor tissue concentrations of cefuroxime in peripheral tissue (skeletal muscle)(More)
OBJECTIVE Activation of innate immunity cells is inseparably linked to cardiac surgical operation. The aim of this study was to assess the kinetics in the expression of receptor for Fc part of IgG, FcgammaRI (CD64), and scavenger receptor CD163 on peripheral blood cells of cardiac surgical patients and to examine the effect of cardiac bypass as a separable(More)
Cardiac surgical operations are associated with the development of a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). In most cases, the inflammatory response is apparent only in its subclinical form. In some cases, however, it can become clinically manifest or even life-threatening. This review article presents some new data regarding its biological(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiac surgery directly initiates a systemic inflammatory response with the activation of both cellular and humoral parts of the immune system. Exaggerated immune system activation is associated with a risk of life-threatening multi-organ dysfunction (MOD) and increased morbidity and mortality in the postoperative period. The immune system(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiac surgery is known to trigger a systemic inflammatory response. While the use of conventional cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) results in profound inflammation, modified mini-CPB is considered less harmful. We evaluated the impact of cardiac surgery on the expression of CD162, CD166, CD195 molecules and their association with the type of CPB(More)
OBJECTIVES The changes in the serum levels of lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) and sCD14 during cardiac surgery were followed in this study. DESIGN Thirty-four patients, 17 in each group, were randomly assigned to coronary artery bypass grafting surgery performed either with ("on-pump") or without ("off-pump") cardiopulmonary bypass. LBP and sCD14(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the role of TLR2 molecule in pleural space during thoracoscopic talc pleurodesis period in patients with malignant pleural effusion. We analyzed TLR2 molecule in soluble form as well as on membrane of granulocytes in pleural fluid. Pleural fluid examination was done at three intervals during pleurodesis procedure:(More)
The aim of this study was to monitor and compare the changes in metabolism and blood flow in the skeletal muscles during cardiac operations performed with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and operations without CPB (off-pump) by means of interstitial microdialysis (Figure 1). Surgical revascularization, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), was performed in(More)
OBJECTIVE Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is a newly identified acute phase reactant with non-redundant functions in innate immunity. The purpose of this study was to assess the kinetics of release of PTX3 in cardiac surgical patients, operated on either with or without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). DESIGN Thirty-four patients, seventeen in each group, were(More)