Jiří Horáček

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CONTEXT Thyroid nodules and goiter are common, and fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is the first investigation of choice in distinguishing benign from malignant disease. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to assess whether simple clinical and biochemical parameters can predict the likelihood of thyroid malignancy in subjects undergoing FNAB. (More)
Atypical antipsychotics have greatly enhanced the treatment of schizophrenia. The mechanisms underlying the effectiveness and adverse effects of these drugs are, to date, not sufficiently explained. This article summarises the hypothetical mechanisms of action of atypical antipsychotics with respect to the neurobiology of schizophrenia.When considering(More)
The research of the glutamatergic system in schizophrenia has advanced with the use of non-competitive antagonists of glutamate NMDA receptors (phencyclidine, ketamine, and dizocilpine), which change both human and animal behaviour and induce schizophrenia-like manifestations. Models based on both acute and chronic administration of these substances in(More)
Dizocilpine (MK-801; 0.3 mg/kg i.p.)-induced disruption in prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle response (PPI) can be preferentially restored by "atypical" antipsychotics. In contrast, some findings indicate that not all of the "atypical" antipsychotics, such as clozapine and risperidone, are effective in restoring the NMDA antagonist-induced(More)
OBJECTIVES Ketamine and other NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) antagonists produce fast-acting antidepressant-like effects, although the underlying mechanism is unclear. Furthermore, high affinity NMDA antagonists such as ketamine are associated with psychotomimetic effects. To date the link between the antidepressant and psychotomimetic effects of ketamine has(More)
BACKGROUND Auditory hallucinations are characteristic symptoms of schizophrenia with high clinical importance. It was repeatedly reported that low frequency (<or=1 Hz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) diminishes treatment-resistant auditory hallucinations. A neuroimaging study elucidating the effect of rTMS in auditory hallucinations has(More)
Behavioral effects of +/-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) are relatively well described in humans as well as in animals. However, little is known about gender differences to the effects of MDMA. The aim of our study was to evaluate gender differences in stimulant effects of MDMA (2.5, 5.0, and 10.0 mg/kg subcutaneously (s.c.)) in male and(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of our study was to identify brain structures in patients with panic disorder (PD) that show changes in 18FDG PET during the treatment with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or antidepressants. METHOD Twelve patients suffering from panic disorder were studied with [18F]-2-fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18FDG PET)(More)
We investigated the role of serotonin in cognitive activation of the frontal cortex. The serotonergic system was affected by the administration of an amino acids mixture without tryptophan (tryptophan depletion). In a placebo-controlled double-blind cross-over study with 20 healthy volunteers, we tested the hypothesis that a tryptophan (serotonin) decrease(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the opposite effect of the pre- and postsynaptic serotonin-1A (5-HT(1A)) receptors on the psychotic-like behavior induced by a non-competitive antagonist of the NMDA receptor, dizocilpine (MK-801). Male Wistar rats received two doses (0.025mg/kg and 1mg/kg) of 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist 8-OH-DPAT(More)